Theoretical Substantiation of Specifics of Formation of Ukrainian National Moral and Ethical Values of the Person at a Young School Age
The article provides a theoretical substantiation of the specificity of formation of Ukrainian national moral and ethical values of younger students’ personality. The comparative analysis of existing points of view on the nature of moral and ethical values and their functional significance in the formation of personality is carried out. The content of national moral and ethical values as a historical property of the people, which determine its mentality and national character, is revealed. Ukrainian national moral and ethical values are as imperative entities, developed and formed, which exist throughout the life of the Ukrainian people, they have an intransitive character, moral requirements, regulate the regulatory function and use the necessary knowledge regarding their free species and personality. Ukrainian ethnology has shown that it is possible to preserve Ukrainian national moral and ethical factors by growing up in childbirth, defining enrichment and updating the most up-to-date elementary education. The younger school age becomes more sensitive in the development of moral and ethical and the qualities that determine the patterns, moral behavior is formed. The goals and content of the process of formation of moral and ethical values of junior students by means of the sciences are specified through adequate tasks, which reflect the main directions of educational influence on the personality of the student. In the formation of the system of moral and ethical values in the younger students pedagogical efforts and actions of the primary school teacher should be directed to the development of moral and ethical needs and motives of behavior, formation of ethical knowledge and education of ethical feelings, development of appropriate skills, habits, as well as strengthening of will qualities. In formation of moral and ethical values of people do not matter indirect educational actions, but the attitude of the pupil to them, transformation of external influences into the internal moral and psychological sphere of personality, internal perception of external influences, including educational ones.