Mountain School of Ukrainian Carpaty <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify;">The journal highlights the methodological, theoretical and practical principles of pedagogical science development, current problems of schools education, including mountain regions of Ukraine and abroad. This scientific specialized edition of pedagogical sciences is intended for researchers, teachers, doctoral students, graduate students, academic staff, the parent community, and all those interested in the current status of pedagogical education development.</p> <p><strong>ISSN <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1994-4845</a> </strong>(Print)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<strong>E-ISSN <a href="">2415-7147</a></strong>&nbsp;(Online)</p> Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University en-US Mountain School of Ukrainian Carpaty 1994-4845 TRAININGS AS A KIND OF INFORMAL EDUCATION AND THEIR EFFICIENCY FOR EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS <p>The article shows pedagogical potential of trainings as an innovative way of obtaining informal education and self-development of a specialist of the New Ukrainian School. The interpretation of the notion “informal education” by the scientific community is considered, the characteristics of informal education are given, the possible institutions of its receipt are listed. The content of various forms of informal education in the direction of improving the digital competence of teachers is determined. The best experience of organizing and conducting trainings on professional development of scientific and pedagogical workers on the basis of the Center of Innovative Educational Technologies "PNU EcoSystem" of Precarpathian National University is widely presented. It is proved that the practice of such work is effective in the context of the New Ukrainian School, as it is based on the best experience of trainers gained during numerous study visits to leading universities in the world, claiming the best innovative developments for improvement of learning process. The training of primary school teachers has evidenced the effectiveness of such trainings, as they not only promote creative interaction of participants, but also develop the ability to use practical skills and interesting educational content; encourage the enhancement of general cultural and professional development of learners; meet socio-communicative and intellectual needs; stimulate professional self-perfection. The experience of organizing training shows that participants who are familiar only with the basic use of digital tools, tend to apply them more meaningfully in their teaching practice. The research proves, a competent teacher is able not only to use but also to create innovative developments, taking into account their maximum potential in the educational context.</p> Tetyana Blyznyuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-22 2022-04-22 26 5 11 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.5-11 PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION ESTABLISHMENT AS A SYSTEM INSTITUTION FOR THE FORMATION OF HEALTH CARE COMPETENCES OF A CHILD <p>The article analyzes and substantiates the essence and role of the preschool education institution as the first systematic educational institution where the process of forming the health-preserving competence of a preschool child takes place. The difficult circumstances in life of the Ukrainian state nowadays (i.e. a long lockdown and a war) proved the importance and necessity of the functioning of kindergartens as the first systematic, methodically grounded and highly capable institution where the formation of a preschool child takes place. In such circumstances, it is necessary to focus attention on the child's development, as one of those factors that make it possible to abstract and relieve oneself in the extremely difficult conditions of wartime, active hostilities, life's uncertainty, fear and hopelessness. We see the development of a preschool child as important in such aspects as: development of the ability to adapt to certain adverse circumstances; to adapt to new living conditions; communicate with new people of different ages; develop creative abilities and form new creative skills; use all available opportunities, means and factors to create an atmosphere of peace, relaxation, rest or creative tension, etc. In the article, we prove that pedagogical facilitation is important for the integral formation of a child's healthpreserving competence in a preschool education establishment. Teaching the future teachers the basics of "happiness pedagogy" and the methods of forming the child's health-preserving competence in a preschool education establishment is a component of their professional competence and suitability. Modern educational programs for training teachers to work with preschool children should contain means and methods for developing these competencies of teachers.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: health care competence, child, preschool, development, teacher, pedagogical facilitation, preschool education establishment.</p> Julia Denisyak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-22 2022-04-22 26 12 15 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.12-15 EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL POTENTIAL OF INCLUSIVE COMICS <p>The article deals with the research on comics' educational and cultural potential, particularly inclusive comic books, and their influence on inclusive culture formation. Inclusive graphic stories have long been part of the readership abroad. Gradually, this tradition is becoming popular in the Ukrainian cultural space. The chronology of the implementation of inclusive education in Ukraine is established, a brief overview of the regulatory framework is given. There is more and more inclusive literature on the Ukrainian book market: it is both translations and works of domestic writers, it is literature for the youngest, teenagers, adults, and it is fiction and nonfiction. In 2019 the first inclusive comic book "Friends 2.0" appeared. It was published with the support of the Ukrainian Cultural Foundation within the framework of the Inclusive Art program. The comic book "Friends 2.0" is an illustrative material for the analysis. The given research identifies the features of inclusive literature and clarifies its role in forming a tolerant society. The main evolutionary steps of comics are conveyed (Egyptian drawings in the burial chambers, "Ocelot's Claw", The Bayeux Tapestry, William Hogarth’s caricatures, stories in drawings by Rodolphe Töpffer, "Max und Moritz" by Wilhelm Busch, "The Yellow kid" by Richard Outcault and others). The basic terms and concepts of comic book culture are explained, taking into account the specifics of their translation. The history of Ukrainian comics is written daily, undergoes great changes, forms the main slogans and ideas in which it operates and develops. Currently, Ukrainian comics are established as a separate literary and art genre. Inclusive "Friends 2.0". comics are five stories based on real events. Every story is a story of struggle and victory. These are the first inclusive stories in the Ukrainian cultural space. They proclaim that everyone in the world is important, that disability is not a sentence, the importance of adaptation and inclusion, faith and dreams that come true. The article highlights the structural and semantic components of the stories in the comic book "Friends 2.0", analyzes the role of the motto in the content of the stories of this book, the background of panels, characters, and more. The analysis of inclusive comic strips as achievements of comic book culture and as examples of graphic texts in which the inclusive component dominates is offered. It helps to identify a special type of superhero in "Friends 2.0". The educational potential of such comics and their influence on the context of inclusive culture are identified.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> inclusive literature, inclusive comics, comic book, diegesis, narrative, encapsulation, motto, superhero.</p> Olga Derkachova Oksana Tytun Solomiya Ushnevych Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 16 22 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.16-22 ОRGANIZATIONAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE CENTERS OF PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE SYSTEM OF PRESCHOOL EDUCATION <p>Modern development of science, technology and information technology expands the goals of child development, determines new needs and demands to the institutions of education and upbringing, in particular, preschool education. The need for innovation, transformation for improvement in the field of educational services requires clear theoretical justifications for the formation of new approaches, selection of methods and techniques of pedagogical influence, ways of their practical implementation. The factors that contribute to the spread and determine the need for the functioning of child development centers, among them, are: the emergence of new educational needs and the formation of alternative approaches to learning and education; mobility to transformations in the labor market; Deepening the understanding of the psychological features of childhood, sensitive periods, tumors, features of the cognitive and emotional spheres in a certain period. Such types of alternative education as home schooling, alternative schools, distance education, children's development centers are characterized.<br>The advantages and disadvantages of each of them are revealed. The principles of activity of child development centers are analyzed as follows: personality-oriented approach in working with children and families, relying on the data of sociopedagogical diagnostics; principle of development; the principle of an open system, possibilities of regulation and choice in the process of pedagogical activity; the principle of interaction with the family and individual approach to the needs of the family; the principle of professional interaction (joint work with psychologists, teachers, speech pathologists, doctors).</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> preschool education, educational environment, centers of personal development of children, preschool children.</p> Nataliia Kyrsta Iryna Skomorovska Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 23 27 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.23-27 NEW ECOLOGICAL THINKING DEVELOPMENT AS A WAY TO ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION <p>The article focuses on the actual global problem of ecological education and the basic principles of preservation of natural environment. The development of aims and tasks of ecological training of a teacher, which has to understand the importance of ecological education in accordance with modern approaches, which are acknowledged in international pedagogical practice. It is highlighted that the qualification of a teacher of any occupation should guarantee the professional readiness to realizing the tasks of ecological education. Special attention is paid to ecological education which is to supply a young generation with scientific knowledge about intercommunication of nature and society. It also should help young people to understand the many-sided value of nature for the society on the whole and everybody in particular, and to make a requirement in socializing with nature, to teach them the standards of correct conduct in the process of co-operating with the nature, to develop aspiration and ability to actively participate in preserving the environment.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> ecological education, training of teacher, education of young people, professionalism, environment.</p> Tetiana Kuchai Vitaly Honcharuk Natalia Rokosovyk Tetiana Zorochkina Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 28 31 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.28-31 FORMATION OF CREATIVE PERSONALITY: AXIOM LIFE SUCCESS <p>The article reveals the essence and importance of forming a creative personality since studying in secondary education. It is noted that dynamic changes in all spheres of human activity serve the need to form a high level of intellectual development of the individual. It is emphasized that human creativity is capable of creating and mastering innovations in any field. Modern trends in society have every opportunity to educate the critical generation. It is noted that the young man at the moment is not only an observer, but the creator of his own happiness. Young people are able to generate original ideas, take on solutions to bold ideas, non-standard solutions, be responsible for them. The aim of the article is to analyze the studied forms of work on the development of creative personality and to offer their own conclusions before the implementation of a successful own life position. The study of these issues was both general and special methods of studying issues: research and study of the material used, abstraction, coincidence from the abstract to the personal level. It is indicated on the results of research, which are confirmed by their own arguments about the importance of forming flexible qualities for development and creative personality. To address this issue, it is necessary to take into account promising educational technologies. They form the essence of the methodological culture of the future specialist. The formation of a creative personality should take place in the process of professional training of future teachers. This approach determines the direction of professional and pedagogical activities, which contributes not only to the development but also to the further self-development of the professional teacher. It is emphasized that the creative personality is a type of personality, which is characterized by a stable, high level of creativity, motivational and creative activity. These qualities are manifested in organic unity with a high level of creativity. These abilities allow individuals to achieve progressive, socially and personally significant results in one or more activities. Scholars distinguish the following traits of creative personality: problematic vision of the situation, boldness of thought, flexibility of thinking, alternative, independence, dialectics, tolerability and critical thinking. Analyzing the opinions and conclusions of well-known experts, it is proved that the creative abilities of the individual – a combination of personal qualities and character traits in accordance with the requirements of a particular type of educational and creative activities.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> critical-thinking generation, creative thought, driving force, creative approach, human capital, innovative type, methodical thinking, self-development.</p> Iryna Rozman Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 32 35 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.32-35 THE ROLE OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMANITARIAN CULTURE OF PERSONALITY <p>The article is devoted to the consideration of the process of learning a foreign language as an effective means of personal social and humanitarian development of students. It is substantiated that the orientation of the Ukrainian education system to enter the world educational space determines the tendency to update foreign language education. It is a question of rethinking the purposes, the maintenance, principles and methods of training of a foreign language for the purpose of achievement of personal results of training which promote development of humanitarian culture of the person. The purpose of the study - based on the study of theory and practice of foreign language education to consider the potential of a foreign language in the development of humanitarian culture of the individual. Within the limits of research theoretical methods are used: a method of the analysis and synthesis, a method of the theoretical analysis of scientific literature on a problem of development of humanitarian culture of the person and foreign language education. Based on the analysis of the scientific literature, the humanities culture is considered as an integral characteristic of a socially mature personality based on the enrichment of its value-semantic, cognitive, communicative, moral-aesthetic, reflective spheres of personality in the process of its social development. It is established that a foreign language performs communicativepragmatic, cognitive, humanistic and personal-formative functions. It contributes to the development of humanitarian culture of the individual in a set of characteristics such as communication, cognitive independence, artistic and aesthetic receptivity, empathy, social subjectivity based on humanistic values that ensure effective communication and positive self-realization in all spheres of activity. It is generalized that humanitarian culture performs a socializing function, is the main element of involvement of the individual in the conditions and norms of existence in society and the most important component of the process of harmonious social development of the individual. Prospects for the study of the problem are related to the creation of educational and methodological complexes in a foreign language on a broad interdisciplinary basis, the development of scientific principles of humanitarian examination of modern educational and methodological complexes in a foreign language for their humanitarian potential.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> humanitarian culture, foreign language, foreign language education, spheres of personality, socially valuable qualities.</p> Victoria Telichko Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 36 40 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.36-40 COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AS A BASIS FOR SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS <p>The article is devoted to the study of communicative competence as a basis for the successful implementation of international projects. The concepts of "competence" and "communicative competence" are considered. The purpose of the article is to analyze the main methods and forms of development of communicative competence, the study of communicative competence as a basis for the successful implementation of international projects. It was established that communicative competence is defined as an integrative personal resource that ensures the success of communicative activity. The development of communicative competence includes the organization of communication, the development of communicative abilities and the formation of communicative skills. It has been proven that communicative competence can be effectively developed with the help of international projects. The priority task of the university is the development and implementation of international projects and programs in the field of youth work. It is emphasized that improvement of communicative competence cannot be separated from personality development.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> competence, communicative competence, project method, international project.</p> Olga Tsaryk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 41 45 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.41-45 INTRODUCTION OF TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF UKRAINIAN WRITERS OF WESTERN UKRAINE IN EDUCATIONAL EDUCATION <p>Scientific analysis of the problem of development of pedagogical ideas and educational activities of Ukrainian writers in Western Ukraine (late XVIII - 30s of the XX century) is not only relevant but also a productive area of modern historical and pedagogical research and creative pursuits of educators-practitioners. In the modern educational and pedagogical space of Ukraine there is an active search and testing of effective means of improving the education and upbringing of children and youth in order to develop optimal models of self-realization of the individual. Purposeful activities in this area of schooling also contribute to meeting the creative needs and requests of teachers and the study, systematization and promotion of best pedagogical experience. In order to gain students - future teachers - knowledge of trends in pedagogical ideas and educational activities of Ukrainian writers in Western Ukraine in the late XVIII - 30's of the twentieth century. The main tasks should be singled out - an objective analysis of the retro-experience of trends in pedagogical ideas and educational activities of Ukrainian writers of Western Ukraine in the period under study, coverage of the practice of this process in education, extracurricular, public education. Pedagogical reality dictates a change in views on the content and features of education and competencies that must be mastered by future teachers, taking into account the tasks of the school in understanding the content characteristics of education, upbringing and development of students, as well as systematizing pedagogical ideas and generalizing the experience of Ukrainian writers. - the first third of the twentieth century to highlight the educational potential of their creative heritage in the context of reforming the Ukrainian education system.</p> <p><strong> Keywords:</strong> competence, pedagogy, tendencies, education system, Western Ukraine, education, upbringing, schooling.</p> Maria Bagriy Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 46 48 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.46-48 CHARACTERISTICS OF MEANS AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF HEALTH CARE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS (ON THE BASIS OF THE WORKS OF UKRAINIAN AND POLISH SCIENTISTS) <p>The article states that the definitions of the term «health education» in the Ukrainian scientific pedagogical space are vague and somewhat vague. The functional and structural means and pedagogical conditions of health education are singled out. The content and forms and methods of the specified pedagogical process are considered in the research by means of practical implementation of health education. The pedagogical conditions include a set of measures that are created consciously to ensure the greatest effectiveness of health education, namely: theoretical and methodological training of teachers to implement the appropriate educational impact; interaction and cooperation of different subjects of education. Functional and structural means and pedagogical conditions of health education (HE) are united into four groups: semantic dimension of HE; technological dimension (methods and forms) HE; subject-institutional dimension of HE; professional and competence dimension of HE. Each of the measurements is briefly described. It is determined that the content of education is a set of knowledge, skills and abilities that must be acquired in the process of studying the basics of science. Reflections of educational content are curricula, programs of academic disciplines, educational programs, special educational and methodical materials. The content of health education is quite extensive: it covers all dimensions of health physical, social, mental, spiritual. The technological dimension (forms and methods) of health care is related to the need to form in students the appropriate views and beliefs that can become the core of behavior to maintain health. The determining factor in the effectiveness of health education is the availability of qualified professionals. The most important area for the implementation of health education is the school, but the success of educational effects on health is directly related to the broad involvement in the educational process of various state and public structures.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>health education, pedagogical conditions, means of education, works of Ukrainian and Polish scientists.</p> Larysa Slyvka Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 49 51 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.49-51 PRACTICAL PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL SPHERE EXPERTS PREPARATION FOR SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT OF MATERNITY AND CHILDHOOD IN UKRAINE <p>The article is devoted to the specifics of practical preparation of social sphere experts for socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine. Analysis of theoretical and practical foundations of socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine in the 20th century proved the readiness research need of future social workers/social pedagogues for socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine. We consider this readiness as the desire of a social worker/social pedagogue to implement social services at the macro, meso, and micro levels, as well as personal motivation and professional growth (improvement of professionally oriented knowledge and skills) in the field of socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood. The article presents the characteristics of criteria, indicators of readiness of social workers/social pedagogies choice «Social-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood: theory and practice», on the basis of which the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of social workers/social pedagogues preparation for social-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine were characterized (motivational, substantive , operational), adapted to study the phenomenon under study. On the basis of selected criteria and indicators, three levels of social workers/social pedagogues readiness for socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine are distinguished (high, medium, low). The results of the verification of the feasibility of using the author’s course in the preparation of future social workers/ social pedagogues for socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine showed that at the final stage, the averaged quantitative indicators of a high level according to three criteria increased in EG to 26.92% (against 12, 73% at the beginning of the research) and in CG - up to 13.32% (against 12.81% at the beginning of the research); average - up to 53.74% (against 39.11% at the beginning of the research) in EG and up to 39.54% (against 38.95% at the beginning of the research) in CG. Low-level indicators in EG are 19.34% (versus 48.16% at the beginning of the research) and 47.13% (versus 48.25% at the beginning of the research) in CG. The processing of the obtained results confirmed the statistical positive dynamics. It was concluded that developed and implemented author's course has practical significance and prospects of feasibility of use in the practical preparation of future social workers/social pedagogues for socio-pedagogical support of motherhood and childhood in Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> preparation, readiness, socio-pedagogical support, motherhood, childhood, social worker, social pedagogue, social sphere experts.</p> Viktoriia Stynska Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 52 57 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.52-57 THE LATE XXth AND EARLY XXIst CENTURY WORLD LITERATURE AS A FACTOR IN SHAPING THE HISTORICAL MEMORY OF FUTURE TEACHERS <p>It is noted that fiction for various reasons loses its educational role among future teachers, and a certain educational potential of modern world literature is virtually unfamiliar to students. It has been proved that modern foreign literature, which actualizes Ukrainian issues, can become an effective means of educating spirituality, national-patriotic feelings and historical memory in future teachers. The interest of foreign authors in Ukraine, its historical past, raising of important issues of national identity, historical memory of Ukrainians is a stimulus for students to get acquainted with these literary works and to read them deeply. The object of study may be the novel "Chornobyl Prayer: A Chronicle of the Future" by the Nobel Prize-winning writer Svetlana Alexievich , as well as Taisa Bondar (the novel "In the Name of the Father and the Son"), Ivan Shamyakin (the novel "The Evil Star") , the American writer Irene Zabytko ("The Sky Unwashed"), representing diaspora literature, the novel by the Irish writer Darragh McKeon "All That is Solid Melts into Air", the literary work of the French illustrator Emmanuel Lepage "Springtime in Chernobyl", journalism of the American-English scholar Serhii Plokhy ("Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe”) and others. These authors are thematically united by the Chernobyl accident, which they portray as a global catastrophe, as a national tragedy of Ukrainians, a huge psychological trauma for people. The writers emphasize that the Chernobyl explosion happened not only due to neglect of safety rules, problems with the construction of the reactor or staff errors, but also largely due to the socio-political system and the authoritarian regime of those times. Today, more than ever, these problems are urgent, especially taking into consideration the events that took place at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant as a result of the invasion of Russian troops. Unfortunately, there is a great threat of a repeat of this catastrophe. Therefore, the artistic and journalistic works of the “Chernobyl discourse” must be read carefully and in a new way, in order to prevent a recurrence of the Chernobyl disaster. The lessons of Chernobyl must not be forgotten and should never be allowed to happen today. Such issues are perhaps the most capable of shaping the national memory of youth, national consciousness and high spiritual values.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong> modern world literature, future teachers, historical memory, education, Chernobyl discourse, writers.</p> Oksana Trukhan Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 58 61 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.58-61 CULTURAL APPROACH IN SHAPING THE READINESS OF FUTURE EDUCATORS FOR CREATIVE ARTISTIC AND CONSTRUCTIVE ACTIVITY WITH PRESCHOOLERS <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of the ethno-aesthetic component of the cultural approach in the process of preparation of future educators for the management of creative artistic and constructive activity of preschool children. Particular attention is paid to the fact that improving the training of future educators for the upbringing of preschool children is related to the revival of the cultural and educational mission of a higher education institution, establishing those educational relationships that provide for the unity of forms, methods and means of spiritual and creative development of future teachers. It is emphasized that the basis of the cultural approach is the system of value attitude to the social environment, to itself. In modern pedagogical science, the cultural approach is a methodology, which is based on the pedagogy of humanism, it involves the formation of a future personality in the relevant historical and cultural conditions of life, development, education. It has been found that the preparation of future educators of preschool education institutions is a permanent edging process, the content of which is agreed by ukrainian society. At the heart of this process - customs and traditions of the лkrainian people, orientation on national models of folk art. It is clarified that the aesthetization of the educational process in the higher education institution is focused on the use of those forms and methods that contribute to the formation of pedagogical culture of the applicant with the means of art. Ukrainian folk art, penetrating the content of students' learning, provides opportunities for the comprehensive harmonious development of the future tutor, promotes the realization of his creative potential. The procedures for the implementation of the ethno-aesthetic component of the cultural approach during the artistic and constructive activity of education applicants in higher education with the activation of the following characteristics are considered: integrity and sub-sensory (hypersensitivity) of the perception of the world, synergy, imagery, association, sensitivity.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> cultural approach, artistic and constructive activity, educational process, preschool education institution, ethnosthetic component, professional training, higher education institution, education applicants, preschool children.</p> Galyna Boryn Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 62 65 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.62-65 FORMATION OF THE FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOLTEACHERS’ SCIENCE COMPETENCE UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL PROFESSIONAL COLLEGE <p>The article reveals the peculiarities of the formation of future primary school teachers’ science competence as a basis for professional training. In the system of future primary school teachers’ professional training, a prominent place is given to natural science education. It is noted that the implementation of the State Standard of Primary General Education in Ukraine, in particular the separation of the educational field "Natural Science", poses new tasks for higher education institutions to improve the quality of future primary school teachers’ professional training. It is novice teachers who lay the foundations of students' natural science competence and ensure the formation of those concepts and ideas, which in the process of further education will serve as a basis for studying the subjects of science training (biology, chemistry, geography, physics, astronomy). The formation of the future teachers’ science competence is carried out in the process of studying natural sciences, in particular "Basics of Natural Science", "Methods of Teaching of Natural Science " and other subjects. It is concluded that among the key tasks of students’ professional training is ensuring the appropriate level of theoretical knowledge in the teaching methodology of "Natural Science"; development of practical and methodical skills; mastering the skills to correctly select methods, techniques and means of learning in the process of developing plans-summaries of natural science lessons; formation of pedagogical skills for organizing and managing the learning process in natural science lessons, etc. During these courses, future primary school teachers’ training is carried out through three stages: theoretical, laboratory-practical, educational-research. Types of practices (educational field, pedagogical) are analyzed. The educational and research work in the system of future primary school teachers’ professional training is characterized. Examples of the formation of future primary school teachers’ natural science competence in the Kolomyia Pedagogical College of the Ivano- Frankivsk Regional Council are given.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> competence, scientific competence, pedagogical conditions, educational trainings, integrated course "I Explore the World", professional training.</p> Uliana Borys Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 66 69 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.66-69 STUDENT-CENTERED APPROACH IN THE SYSTEM OF QUALITY ASSURANCE OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE PROFESSIONALS <p>In the current conditions of development of higher education in Ukraine the question of realization of the idea of student-centeredness as a necessary component of the system of quality assurance of professional training of future specialists is actualized. The article considers the peculiarities of the student-centered approach as a system-forming principle of the organization of the educational environment of a higher education institution in the conditions of modern educational realities. The main ideas of student-centeredness as an approach to the organization of the educational process in accordance with its components, defined by the Law of Ukraine «On Higher Education» are analyzed and systematized. Procedures for implementing a student-centered approach in accordance with the requirements of Standards and Recommendations for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area are considered. A contextual analysis of student-centeredness as a characteristic feature of higher education is carried out, on the basis of which the social (civilizational), philosophical, social, psychological, pedagogical, managerial and personal aspects of this phenomenon are distinguished. The need to create an educational environment focused on meeting the needs and interests of higher education students has been identified. The role of the idea of student-centeredness in designing the educational environment of a higher education institution is revealed. It was found that the student-centered educational environment is a set of interrelated diverse conditions for the realization of educational needs and interests of students, which includes a system of intellectual and communicative, organizational, educational, informational, technological, material and technical resources. It is emphasized that the implementation of student-centered approach outlines ways to design the educational environment of a modern university, focused on continuous development and self-improvement of future professionals, which is a necessary condition for ensuring the quality of higher education in Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>student-centeredness, student-centered approach, educational process, educational environment, professional training, quality of higher education.</p> Liubomyra Iliichuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 70 74 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.70-74 ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL COOPERATION IN A DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT IN MATHEMATICS LESSONS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL <p>For students to successfully master mathematics in the conditions of a digital educational environment, it is important to create conditions that would promote an increase in the interest in learning of students of primary education and ensure the development of their abilities and key competencies in the learning process. The article examines the essence, content and forms of educational cooperation in remote mathematics lessons in elementary school with the help of digital applications. It is emphasized the need to use digital technologies both in the process of developing digital literacy of teachers and in the context of organizing digital cooperation between teachers and younger students in the context of using ICT tools and creating conditions for their integration into the educational process. The requirements of the Concept of the New Ukrainian School regarding the mathematical competence of lower grade students were considered. The essence of the key concepts of the research is analyzed. The principles of cooperative learning are highlighted. It was noted that the main idea of cooperative learning is to learn together, and not just to perform together. The technology of preparing and conducting a mathematics lesson using the remote form of learning in cooperation based on small groups is described. Some forms of organizing collaborative learning in remote mathematics lessons based on small groups and digital means of their implementation are outlined. Special mathematical websites and applications are presented that can significantly motivate students to solve mathematical problems, visualize content and develop key competencies of students. It was concluded that the organization of educational cooperation in a digital educational environment in mathematics lessons in elementary school involves such interaction between the teacher and students, students among themselves in the educational situation, during which the children's established methods of action are restructured, the components of educational activity are formed (that is, formed learning ability).</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> cooperation, educational cooperation, digital educational environment, digital applications, students of lower grades, mathematics.</p> Olena Kokhanovska Oleg Dovgij Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 75 79 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.75-79 PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL BASICS OF FORMING THE COMMUNICATIVE CULTURE OF FUTURE EDUCATORS OF IPE: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH <p>The article focuses on the fact that in the process of professional training, it is necessary to ensure the proper level of forming of the communicative culture of future educators of institutions of preschool education (IPE), and also substantiates its psychological and pedagogical foundations in the context of an interdisciplinary approach. Various approaches to the interpretation of the concepts "culture of communication", "communication ethics", "communicative culture", "communicative competence" have been analyzed. In order to form the communicative culture of future teachers of IPE, it is important to implement a humanistic paradigm of education, which involves partnership interaction of participants in the educational process, student-centeredness in the broad sense, a variety of activities of education seekers, a personally oriented style of communication, interaction and benevolent demandingness. An interdisciplinary approach in the context of the researched problem ensures systematicity, integrity and integration of scientific knowledge for the effective forming of the communicative culture of future educators. The psychological foundations of the specified process during the study of the disciplines of the psychological-pedagogical cycle and the teaching methods of individual disciplines, taking into account the interdisciplinary approach, are determined, in particular, the enrichment of the content of educational components with relevant scientific knowledge about the essence of the concepts of "communication", "communicative culture", the study of age and individual-psychological features of communication with preschool age children, their parents and other persons of the educational process in the IPE, assimilation of rules and ethical norms of communication; the usage of interactive forms and methods of learning during mastering the program content of the disciplines; interaction of participants in the educational process on the basis of partner pedagogics. The main idea of the article is that the culture of speech is actively formed in preschool age children (phonetically and orthographically correct and clean pronunciation of sounds, words and phrases, mastering the cultural norm of language, etc.), accordingly, it is important that the teacher of IPE was a role model and perfectly possessed communicative culture.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> communicative culture, communication, future educator, institution of preschool education (IPE), professional training, interdisciplinary approach, institution of higher education, educational component, educational process.</p> Tamara Marchii-Dmytrash Nataliia Kyrsta Marianna Matishak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 80 85 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.80-85 TRAINING OF FUTURE MASTERS FOR PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN THE INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION BY MEANS OF EDUCATIONAL TRAININGS <p>The article deals with the problem of training of future masters of medicine, who did not have received a pedagogical education, for pedagogical activities. It has been generalized that optimal conditions in the described process is using modern pedagogical innovations, which make possible an integration of vocational (in particular, medical) training and pedagogical education, give an opportunity for future masters of medicine testing own professional knowledge, abilities and skills in pedagogical situations that simulate professional-pedagogical, medical-professional activities. Educational trainings may become such technologies. Analysis of scientific literature gave a possibility to generalize that scholars describe theory and practice, contextual and methodical aspects of conducting trainings, reveal the main stages of training technologies, propose methods of organization and conducting training of personal development, which gives an opportunity to identify the essence of trainings in general. The purpose and task of the research is to describe the essence of educational trainings, which appropriate to apply in the vocational training of future masters of medicine for pedagogical activities in the institutions of higher medical education. It has been generalized that in the process of participating the future masters of medicine in educational trainings, participants have ability to identify the main advantages of such work for the use of training forms and methods of teaching in pedagogical activity as a lecturer of medical institution of higher education. It has been stated that the purpose of training of future masters for participating and individual conducting educational trainings in pedagogical activities of lecturers must inform the participants with the main model of preparing for training, which is seen as the basis for making appropriate syllabus that combine the following stages: determining the topic and purpose of training as an image of the future result; determining the composition of the training group; identifying the time resources; formulating the problem; formulating the tasks; selecting appropriate exercises, situational tasks of professional purposes; emphasizing the blocks of the training syllabus and classes for each block; drawing up a scenario of training plan; writing a short training scenario with the purpose of each class and all the necessary materials.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> masters, vocational training, pedagogical activity, educational trainings, training requirements.</p> Iryna Melnychuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 86 89 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.86-89 BLENDED LEARNING AS A MEANS OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT <p>The research aims to prove that the modern education system is designed to respond to the civilizational and sociotechnological challenges of the 21st century. The new content of education is based on the formation of competencies necessary for the individual’s successful self-realization in society. The COVID‑19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine have become additional stimulus for the creation of new educational products, in particular for the development of the digitalization of education, and blended learning practices. In scientific studies of domestic and foreign scientists, the necessity to implement flexible innovative models of higher education, the priority of using digital teaching tools, and the growing demand for the training of modern specialists in a digital environment can be found. Accordingly, new, more complex requirements apply to future teachers' professional training, in particular primary school teachers. Objectively, the necessity to understand modern digital didactics, develop measures to support students and teachers, and new models of education are in great demand. One of the tools of such a transformation is blended learning, which has been actively developing in recent decades and ensures the orientation of the educational process to the formation of a new model of a graduate taking into account modern standards. The article, based on the study of the pedagogical possibilities of blended learning technology, analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of this technology in the process of future primary school teachers’ professional training. The authors highlight the following factors: 1) students’ requests are decisive in the organization of blended learning; 2) specificity of the discipline; 3) pedagogical theories and approaches; 4) the relationship between teaching and students’ independent work. The effectiveness of the implementation of blended learning depends on the harmonious combination of digital technologies and the skill of their use. Blended learning is a qualitatively new approach that transforms the structure and content of teaching, changing the traditional roles of teachers and learners, as well as the learning environment. One of the components of blended learning is the "flipped classroom technology'' - a modern trend and an innovative way of organizing the educational process. The main advantage of the "flipped classroom" is that students acquire a number of competencies of the 21st century, such as the ability to solve problems independently, creativity, cooperation skills, and ICT literacy. Different models of the "flipped classroom" makes it possible to use a wider arsenal of forms of monitoring students' knowledge depending on the given tasks. A study on the technology of blended learning proved that this method contributes to the formation of students' learning abilities, and increases future teachers’ satisfaction and motivation. The analysis of research data proved that the technology is highly appreciated by teachers, provided there is an appropriate level of technical and pedagogical training and proper methodical materials.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> higher education institution, future primary school teacher, professional training, information and communication technologies, digital educational environment, online learning, blended learning, blended learning models, "flipped classroom" technology.</p> Mariia Oliiar Kateryna Fomin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 90 94 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.90-94 USE OF BIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS METHODS IN THE TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS: SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROBLEM <p>The article updates the problem of using biographical methods in the training of future teachers. The purpose of the research is the theoretical and methodological substantiation of the possibilities of using methods of biographical analysis in the professional and pedagogical training of future teachers to increase their methodological competence. Its solution involved a comprehensive analysis of foreign and domestic experience in the scientific understanding of the problem. The methods of analysis and synthesis, historiographical analysis, monographic analysis, selective analysis, and content analysis were used in the preparation of the research. Based on the results of the analysis of representative foreign and Ukrainian psychological and pedagogical literature, a consolidated position was revealed, according to which biographical analysis methods should focus on the study of a person's mental states, which are the result and consequence of his life path and highlight the features of his social experience. From the point of view of biographical studies, mental states are considered as a special section of the psychological characteristics of an individual, which reflects relatively static and permanent manifestations of his mental experiences at various stages of his life path. This allows us to assert that the methods of biographical analysis have significant potential as a tool for studying the mental states of education seekers and finding out how the behavior and life activities of school students and university students depend on their changes. It was concluded that the conducted research substantiates the effectiveness of using the instrumental capabilities of the methods of biographical analysis in the preparation of future teachers for professional and pedagogical activities. They provide an important key for self-discovery and ordering of her inner world. Therefore, the task of the teacher-biographer is to help the student understand his own life, correct his self-esteem and make his life whole and happy. The prospect of conducting experimental studies, which should verify and confirm the expediency and effectiveness of using methods of biographical analysis in the organization of the educational process, is determined.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> methods of biographical analysis, future teachers, education seekers, mental state, professional and pedagogical training.</p> Borys Savchuk Maria Kopchuk-Kashetska Svitlana Malona Ihor Bai Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 95 98 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.95-98 FORMATION OF DIDACTIC COMPETENCE OF FUTURE PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS <p>The article deals with the peculiarities of the formation of didactic competence of future physical education teachers in the conditions of modern educational realities. The didactic competence of the future physical education teacher is an important component of his professional readiness, which provides at the personal level his self -organization in accordance with professional requirements and enables to professionally carry out pedagogical activity in the system of physical culture of the educational institution. The basic ideas of the competence approach are analyzed and systematized, on the basis of which the model of didactic competence of the future physical culture teacher, consisting of three components: motivational-information, cognitive-content and technological. The motivational and information component was aimed at the formation of stable motivation for students to thoroughly study pedagogical didactics as a factor of realization of acquired knowledge and skills in the pedagogical activity of the future teacher of physical culture. This is facilitated by the involvement of students in active forms of classes: presentations, heuristic conversations, cognitive games, debates, symposia. The cognitive-content component is directed to the formation of completeness of theoretical knowledge and features of practical application of different forms of work. The study of educational topics involves the widespread use of active forms of work: modeling, presentations, "brainstorming", candid conversations, symposia, debates, protection of didactic models developed by students. The technological component involved acquaintance of students with different methods and features of developmental learning. The developed model of didactic competence with its content filling is implemented during the teaching of the discipline "Pedagogy of physical culture with the basics of didactics". It is investigated that the formation of didactic activity of students of specialty 014 Secondary education (physical culture) is possible with the implementation of structural content components on the basis of cross-curricular integration with professional-oriented disciplines and the widespread use Interest in pedagogical didactics and develop reflexive abilities.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> didactic competence, future physical culture teachers, physical culture pedagogy.</p> Inna Tkachivska Taras Serman Hanna Prezliata Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 99 103 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.99-103 TEACHER PROFESSIONAL MOBILITY AS AN INNOVATIVE TREND AND TODAY'S REQUIREMENT <p>The article is devoted to the theoretical and practical aspects of the problem of professional mobility of the teacher, which is considered by the authors as an innovative trend and an urgent requirement of the modern system of higher education. The authors emphasize that professional mobility can be considered as one of the most essential professional features of a teacher, scientist, and researcher. It is noted that the professional mobility of a teacher is based on pedagogical culture and skills and professional competence. Researchers distinguish the following types of mobility: social, professional, academic, intellectual, socio-cultural, cultural, educational and personal. It is pointed out that the driving forces and motivating factors of professional mobility are usually educational reforms, social innovations, the adoption of a new legal framework, educational concepts, revolutions, wars, rapid development of scientific and technical progress, digitalization of the educational process, structural and institutional changes in the education system of the country, region. It is noted that mobility in the pedagogical field is a special quality of personality that is formed in the process of education and upbringing and has a major impact on the professionalism of a future specialist. The authors indicate that professional mobility means the movement of an individual or a professional group in the socio-professional sphere of society, with or without a change in social status. It is also emphasized that the activity of manifestations of professional mobility is influenced by direct professional training and indicators of its quality, the level of qualification obtained. A high level of professional mobility contributes to the optimization of the educational process in the conditions of rapid aging of knowledge, dynamic development and changes in the market of professions, increasing the dependence of an individual's professional career on the level and quality of the obtained education, on the ability to rebuild and adapt according to social transformations.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> mobility, professional mobility, professionalism, education system, innovations.</p> Inna Chervinska Oksana Prytuliak Nadiya Melnyk Maryna Vasylyk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 104 108 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.104-108 ETHICAL AND ECOLOGICAL PERSONAL UP-BRINGING BY MEANS OF LITERARY WORDS THROUGH THE AUTHOR’S CONCEPT OF VASYL SUKHOMLYNSKYI <p>The aim of the study is to analyze the author's system of ethical and ecological education of the personality of Vasyl Sukhomlynskyi, to characterize the creative heritage of the scientist, to single out literary works for children with a moral and ecological content. Leading in the pedagogical legacy, in particular the literary work, of the outstanding Ukrainian scientist V. Sukhomlynskyi is the problem of moral education, which was the author's pedagogical system and found a practical embodiment in the Pavlysh secondary school, which the innovative teacher headed for almost thirty years. The conceptual provisions of the author's system of moral education of V. Sukhomlynskyi about the unity of moral education and nature conservation are important, especially nowadays, when the preservation of the Carpathian Mountains is gaining national importance, and the problems of ecological education of the individual are becoming an important condition for sustainable development in its global dimension. This problem sounds in a new way under the conditions of Russia's invasion of the territory of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, which caused the destruction of ecosystems, natural resources, chemical pollution of territories, waters, etc. Therefore, the problem of ecological education of children and youth is becoming actualized, they should become active ecologists-saviors of native nature and the environment, accordingly, teachers should develop a set of environmental measures of nature conservation content, develop a new philosophy of the formation of ecological culture of the individual throughout life, give ecological education of the individual a new sound, in particular practice oriented direction. It is proven that in this process it is possible to use the creative achievements of V. Sukhomlynskyi, whose literary works for children are an effective means of forming ethical and ecological education of children and adults. Each fairy tale or story with an environmental content offers the reader an invaluable moral lesson. These works are a moral code, a table book that you need to read every day in order to build your relationship with nature properly, to protect it, to take care of all living things, they are a kind of pedagogical commandments on how to be a person and, under today's conditions, to grow into an effective environmentalist in order to preserve not only nature, but also Ukraine.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> V. Sukhomlynskyi, author's system, teacher-innovator, ethical and ecological education, literary works for children, ecological education, New Ukrainian school.</p> Halyna Bilavych Veronika Ozarko Oleksandra Khanas Yulia Litvin Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 109 114 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.109-114 THE INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL FITNESS OF GIRLS 11-15 YEARS OLD WITH POSTURAL DISORDERS ON THE FORMATION OF MOVEMENT CULTURE <p>The article examines the peculiarities of the level of physical fitness of girls aged 11-15 who have postural disorders. A comparative characterization of the indicators of motor readiness of girls with and without postural disorders was also carried out. The influence of motor activity on the formation of correct posture and improvement of physical health was studied. The content of the concept of "posture disorders" was analyzed and it was established that posture is an important comprehensive indicator of the state of health and harmonious physical development of each person. And the correct posture ensures an optimal position and normal activity of internal organs, creating the best conditions for the activity of the entire body. It was determined that the physical fitness indicators of girls with postural disorders are significantly lower than those of their peers without postural disorders. The main reasons that contribute to the development of hypodynamism among schoolchildren, which negatively affects their posture, have been clarified. A reliable difference was established between the level of physical fitness of elementary school students with different posture development. It is emphasized that options for solving this problem are possible due to the intensive use of all means of physical culture. It was concluded that the majority of elementary school students have a sedentary lifestyle, which negatively affects their psycho-emotional and somatic state, and as a result, low and moderate physical fitness is observed. Therefore, this problem requires the search for new ways and methods of prevention and elimination of damaged locomotor apparatus during the child's development, taking into account their physical fitness, mortality, anthropometric, psychological and individual characteristics.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> physical education, schoolgirls, primary school, posture disorders, physical fitness.</p> Hryhoriy Vasylchuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 115 118 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.115-118 THE FORMATION OF BASES OF THE UKRAINIAN NATIONAL IDENTITY AFFIRMATION WITH THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN <p>Russian military invasion of Ukraine has caused life-threatening danger to over 7.5 million of Ukrainian children. As a result of the war there are 3 million children-refugees in Ukraine and over 2.2 million children are seeking shelter in other Ukraine friendly countries. Young generation needs urgent humanitarian help. Every two children of three are refugees inside or outside of Ukraine. Children who suffered from injuries, physical, sexual or psychological assaults, kidnepped children or forced to move out of the country or captives must be granted the status of children affected by hostilities and armed conflict. In the reality of martial law in Ukraine the most important aim for Ukrainian educators is to unite the efforts of teachers and communities on their way to protect children's rights and freedoms, teach the young generation, providing them with values and behaviour models they need nowadays. Under the condition of the russian-Ukrainian war, the path to the freedom and independence of Ukraine runs through the formation of the defense-oriented consciousness of the society, education of the younger generation based on the values of Ukraine-centrism, historical truth, and national dignity. The issue of affirmation of the Ukrainian national identity and the spiritual safety of the nation becomes particularly topical. This is because the development of the national culture was detrimentally affected by the long-lasting period of statelessness, restrictions, repressions, negative mythologization of the image of a Ukrainian, rewriting of history, and diminishing the role of Ukrainians in the life of the countries and empires to which they belonged. The educational process shall be in the context of new challenges based on the new historical achievements and moral values produced by the Ukrainian people within the centuries and nowadays realities which conditioned the choice of the topic of this Article. The author partially grounded the pedagogical conditions of affirmation of the bases of national identity of the primary school children, namely, through the formation of the national positive I-concept of the child (the image of I-Ukrainian). The methods of the reinforcement of the educative potential of the extra-class activity are determined through the creation and application of the person-oriented methodology of the formation of all components of the national cultural identity of the children, the ways and directions of further elaboration of this topic are defined.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> national identity, spiritual safety of the nation, defense consciousness, moral values, strategy, education, pedagogical interaction, children of war.</p> Svitlana Dovbenko Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 119 123 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.119-123 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMANISTIC OUTLOOK OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS OF A GENERAL EDUCATION SCHOOL IN EXTRA-SCHOOL ACTIVITIES <p>In this article, we consider the development of the humanistic worldview of younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities as a set of basic principles: historical and cultural orientation of upbringing and education, which involves the organization of the educational process based on the history and culture of the peoples living in the region, the country; integration of educational disciplines (mastery of art in unity with the study of songs, music, traditions, rituals, etc.); identification and self-actualization of the individual, based on the introduction of knowledge about man and society into the content of the development of humanistic worldview education; harmonization of interethnic relations. We note that this direction of education is able not only to take into account the interests of national cultures and regional cultural traditions, but also the needs of the individual in national and cultural self-identification, the development of the worldview positions of the individual. Therefore, at the current stage, we consider the development of a humanistic worldview as a way to return lost spiritual values, moral and aesthetic norms of behavior, interpersonal relations, family and everyday life. In our opinion, it is humanistic, ethno-cultural education that can help students master the culture of their people (the culture of consumption, the culture of communication, the culture of knowledge, the culture of work), develops a worldview, makes it possible to organize artistic and creative activities, focusing on the national uniqueness of the region. In determining the place and role of humanistic worldview education in out-of-school educational institutions, we consider it as a method that strengthens the effectiveness of education through the introduction of the means of national culture, which will help direct the modern educational and educational process to the formation of ethnic self-awareness, the development of understanding of the role of one's people in world culture. Analyzing the means of national culture used in folk pedagogy, we established that the educational potential of national culture was aimed at forming humanistic, worldviews in children. moral qualities of the individual, a sense of national self-awareness, patriotism, development of creative abilities.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> educational process, humanistic outlook, extracurricular activities, younger schoolchildren, group work.</p> Maria Klepar Tetyana Potapchuk Alexander Chinchoy Oksana Nych Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 124 128 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.124-128 VALUE-FORMING CONCEPT OF EDUCATION OF PERSONALITY OF A SCHOOL STUDENT IN INDEPENDENT UKRAINE <p>The current period of social development is characterized by important processes that take place in the student environment. Under the influence of various social and political factors, new forms of thinking appear, specific values and value orientations are formed. The formation of value orientations among schoolchildren becomes particularly acute in modern society, which today is characterized by social instability, a crisis of spirituality, morality, and neglect of legal norms. Such a situation brings to the fore the problems of forming a new person, their consciousness and self-awareness, life values, spiritual forces, opportunities and abilities. In pedagogical science, the concept is interpreted as a system of views, which is significantly different from its theory or methodology due to the fact that the concept cannot be a finally verified constructor. It needs constant refinement, its theses can be debatable and require verification by facts, require the formulation of trends and regularities. The article analyzes the leading regulatory and legal documents containing relevant provisions on the foundations of the value-forming concept of personality education: State national program "Education" ("Ukraine of the 21st century"), The Law of Ukraine "On Education", the National Strategy for the Development of Education of Ukraine for the period until 2021, Concept of national education of student youth, Program of Ukrainian patriotic education of children and student youth, The concept of the New Ukrainian School, the regional targeted social program of national-patriotic education of children and youth for 2021-2025, approved by the Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Council. We also highlighted the relevance of building and implementing the concept of raising children and youth, highlighted the purpose of the concept of raising children and youth, and characterized the main principles of building the concept.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> concept, values, education, schoolchildren, value-forming concept.</p> Halyna Lemko Iryna Didukh Oksana Voroshchuk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 129 133 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.129-133 DEVELOPMENT OF HISTORICAL MEMORY IN PRIVATE SCHOOL STUDENTS DURING THE UKRAINIAN LANGUAGE LESSONS <p>The article is devoted to the topical issue of today - the formation of historical memory in primary school students. Historical memory is an important component of the strategy of national and cultural policy of the state, the system of national and patriotic education of children and youth in different levels ща educational institutions, as well as a factor in the unification of society and national self-identification. The purpose of the article is to analyze and describe effective ways of forming the historical memory of primary school children in the process of learning the Ukrainian language. To achieve this goal, the following research methods were used: analysis and synthesis, abstraction, generalization, and questionnaires, which allowed them to analyze the pedagogical conditions of historical memory of primary school students in Ukrainian language lessons and identify the main directions of this process. Based on numerous studies by scholars, the authors clarified the essence of the concept of "historical memory" in connection with other concepts of patriotic education and considered its significance for society as a guardian of the nation and a factor in national self-identification. They focused on those normative educational documents that define the essence and tasks of the process of forming the historical memory of citizens in Ukraine. External factors that affect the historical memory of the individual and which, of course, should be taken into account by teachers in working on the formation of historical memory of students are considered in detail. The authors considered in detail the ways of forming the historical memory of primary school students in Ukrainian language lessons and gave recommendations on the content of the relevant didactic material. They found that Ukrainian language lessons in primary school are a good basis for the formation of patriotic feelings and historical memory of younger students, to awaken students' deep connection with previous generations of their people, their cultural and historical achievements, their involvement in the great, strong, ancient people, a sense of pride for their homeland.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> historical memory; patriotic education; Elementary School; Ukrainian language lesson.</p> Larysa Nakonechna Oksana Kilichenko Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 134 139 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.134-139 SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT FOR INTERNALLY DISPLACED CHILDREN UNDER MARTIAL LAW <p>Millions of Ukrainian families with children have been forced to leave their permanent place of residence, moving to safer places under the current conditions of martial law in the country, which in its effects corresponds to the difficult life and often traumatic circumstances. The challenge arises in the need to meet the needs of new residents for social, medical, psychological, legal, social and pedagogical services, and appropriate living conditions. Forced moving can cause emotional and physical stress, fear, depression, inability to adequately assess events and make decisions, respond to them, and adapt to the changed conditions. The need for social protection and psychological and social and pedagogical assistance takes on increasing importance for families, in particular for children in difficult circumstances as a result of military actions. The article reveals the peculiarities of providing social and pedagogical support to children of internally displaced persons under martial law. The need for a multilevel comprehensive system of support for victims and displaced persons, the organization of intersectoral and interdepartmental interaction between specialists of corresponding services in providing complete psychological and social and pedagogical help, and coordination of efforts of various specialists is brought up to date. The need for social and pedagogical and psychological support for internally displaced children, which may require the recovery of their mental health and social well-being, an appropriate response to hostilities, and adaptation to new, changed conditions, is emphasized. It was established that social and pedagogical support is a type of activity of a social care teacher, aimed at organizing preventive and operational social and psychological and pedagogical assistance in preventing and overcoming situations that violate the vital activities of children. An analysis of models of social and pedagogical support for internally displaced children in difficult circumstances has been conducted. The technology of social and pedagogical support for children of internally displaced persons is considered. The relevant directions and content of social and pedagogical support for children of internally displaced persons under martial law are outlined. It is noted that modeling and organization of social and pedagogical support for children of internally displaced persons who suffered from military operations or were forced to leave their homes will help them to overcome the psychological trauma of military events, and will contribute to successful adaptation to the new changed conditions.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> internally displaced persons, difficult life circumstances, social services, adaptation of internally displaced children, social and pedagogical support, model of social and pedagogical support for children of internally displaced families.</p> Oksana Protas Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 140 144 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.140-144 THE METHOD OF FORMING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL EFL LEARNERS’ COMPETENCE IN LISTENING TO AND READING TEXTS <p>The article reveals the theoretical aspects of learning English and its place and role in modern education. The main tasks and content of profilisation are determined. The methods of reading and listening to the texts while learning English and ways of improving them are studied. Nowadays, school profilisation is one of the important directions of Ukrainian general education modernisation. The introduction of subject-oriented instruction in the junior (1st-4th) grades of general educational institutions is determined by the current trends in the national education development, the state and society social services commissioning to school, the socio-economic and socio-cultural development of Ukraine, as well as by the analysis of the successful practices of foreign countries’ school education. The theoretical basis for the subject-oriented instruction implementation is the Laws of Ukraine “On Education” and “On General Secondary Education”, the Concept of Subject-Oriented Instruction in Junior School, the State Standard of Basic and Complete General Secondary Education and other regulatory documents. The main theoretical advances of domestic and foreign scientists with reference to the best practices in junior students’ education organisation are embodied in the Concept of Subject-Oriented Instruction in Primary School.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> profilisation, foreign language activity, authentic speech, monologue speech, foreign language communicative competence, reading and listening skills, literary and colloquial speech.</p> Ihor Romanyshyn Svitlana Yatsiv Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 145 151 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.145-151 ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF MANAGEMENT OF THE EDUCATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF DIGITALIZATION OF EDUCATION <p>A scientific study of the educational process of future teachers (FT) in the conditions of digitalization of education directs the author to the need to study the issue of implementing the management of the educational process. To solve this issue, it is necessary to investigate the problem of ensuring organizational and pedagogical conditions and highlight the author's vision of solving this problem. It is carried out the study and analysis of scientific research by domestic and foreign scientists regarding the understanding of the problem of pedagogical and organizational-pedagogical conditions for ensuring the educational process of FT, and the organization of these conditions during the digitalization of the educational space of higher education. The author states that the process of organizing and managing the education of future teachers should include several features. Among them, the following are highlighted: the motivational and age component, which is aimed at the activity and purposefulness of FT during education; interaction with stakeholders who put forth actual requirements for the competitiveness of graduates, as well as adjust educational programs accordingly, contribute to the deepening of the expected results of the education of FT; taking into account the peculiarities of the conditions of digitization of education, which are related to the formation of the readiness of FT to use informational and communicative means of education in their future professional activities. The article examines two organizational and pedagogical conditions for managing the education of FT in the modern conditions of digitization of higher education, namely, the modernization of the management cluster and ensuring the effectiveness of the student-centered environment. It is determined that these conditions are based on the formation of practical experience of each future specialist who is ready for the educational and scientific challenges of the present time, and is also capable of self-education in the conditions of digitalization. Thus, these organizational and pedagogical conditions contribute to the provision of productive management of the education of FT in the conditions of digitalization of education.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> conditions, digitalization, digitalization of education, future teacher (FT), education, management, management education.</p> Alona Prokopenko Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-26 2022-04-26 26 152 155 10.15330/msuc.2022.26.152-155