Service In Economic And Legal Sense

  • Zhanna Rekova
Keywords: service, economic content, legal content, material good, intangible good, useful effect.


Currently, the Civil Code of Ukraine lacks a legal definition of the service, despite the fact that the legislator defines the service as a separate object of civil rights. Therefore, the author aims to analyze the essence of the service in economic and legal terms and to offer a definition of service.
An analysis of Article 901 of the Civil Code of Ukraine makes it possible to conclude that in certain types of services, the very effect becomes the significance of a phenomenon that is capable of changing the state of objects of the material and immaterial world. First, it is important not to manufacture, process, process, repair a thing or perform other work with the transfer of its result to the customer, which takes place under a contract (Part 2 of Article 837 of the Civil Code of Ukraine), and something that has no real result - a product of action or activity that has no property expression, that is, a set of qualities having the same activity or activity. Secondly, it is also characteristic of services that they are closely related to the person performing and the process of performing certain activities or carrying out certain activities. This means that the service exists only when it is provided. Thirdly, the service does not have a result that would have a distinct, predictable appearance, material embodiment. This is the beneficial effect of a service that meets the customer’s needs and is consumed in the process of providing it, which is exactly a feature of the service as a legal category.
Thus, a service is a certain intangible act (activity), expressed in a concrete beneficial result, which is created by a person’s personal work and is not separated from the performer and represents certain changes in the external world or state of the subject.


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