CHILD AS A SUBJECT OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF TODAY’S CHALLENGES
The article reflects the content of aesthetic education and the peculiarities of the education of the aesthetic culture of pupils of a general educational institution. The elements of aesthetic culture as an important component of the all-round development of the individual are analyzed. It is also proved that the nature and degree of development of aesthetic sense and aesthetic taste, their upbringing is an important factor in the formation of the aesthetic culture of the individual. The author noted that the problem of educating the aesthetic culture of schoolchildren is extremely relevant and necessary for further study and scientific justification.
Aesthetic education forms understanding of beauty, aesthetic taste and high aesthetic ideals develops the need to keep beautiful. Aesthetics reveals the nature of the aesthetic in life and art learns the basic principles of aesthetic development of the world, explores the aesthetic laws of personality. Different assessments, tastes, views form the aesthetic sense. With the aesthetic ideas and ideals, they are the subjective aspect of aesthetic development of the world and make aesthetic consciousness of personality. It is a subjective reflection of the objective world and at the same time it is a way of essence aspect of real world cognition – its beauty.
While revealing the structure and function of aesthetic consciousness, aesthetics determines the formation of aesthetic feelings, evaluations, tastes, ideals. Creation of aesthetic conditions provides pedagogical activity of subjects and objects of education process in terms of aesthetics requirements.
The most general regularity of aesthetic education is natural pedagogical process dependence on the requirements of modern information society. Aesthetic education in the information society naturally depends on a combination of objective and subjective environmental factors that promote or inhibit the development of personality. Unity and interconnection of education and personal development are the regularities of aesthetic education process. Interconnection of regularities (laws) and principles is difficult.
Understanding the nature of principles allows consciously and creatively solve problems of education, organize educational activities, reasonably implement it and confidently reach the goal of education. It is established that only aesthetically and morally rich generation will be able to develop a strong state and change the stereotypes of behavior in modern society.