THE CAPRATHIANS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON FORMATION OF MENTALITY OF HUTSULS
The article explains the idea of influence of natural (mountainous) environment on formation of personality of montane residents and their mentality. Natural and social environment, means of housekeeping, traditions and customs, beliefs, culture of daily living activities and communication are the aspects that define the formation of a psychology of a mountaineer.
The purpose and tasks of the study are to present the author's understanding of the dependence of the psyche of people, their character, the formation of the mentality of ethnic groups, in particular Hutsuls, on specific natural and climatic conditions. Examining the problem of influence of mountainous environment on formation and development of personality of mountaineers we consider that the life of a montane community is characterized by potent spirituality and rich original traditions which have to be combined with innovative types and methods of activity.
Researchers attempt to see into the real process of balancing of technological rationality and spirituality, modern pragmatism and romanticism of montane communities, progressing entrepreneurship and love of nature of mountaineers.
Mentality of hutsuls is characterized by peculiar understanding of nature and attitude towards it. There is a complex interrelation between mentality and attitude of people towards nature. People are dependent upon nature and vice versa. Ancient Greek researchers paid attention to this interdependence.
Our research is based on the idea that natural forces have a constant impact on formation of mentality of such idiosyncratic ethnicity as hutsuls.