BASIC NATURE AND DEBATABLE ISSUES OF ACADEMIC VIRTUE
Preceeding from scientific research publications and empiric material the article demonstrates current nature of the term ‘academic virtue/dishonesty’ and describes debatable issues of the studied problem. The names of several types of plagiarism have been specified; the following practical examples and elimination methods of the mistakes have been provided: direct plagiarism, quotation set, citation by citation, incorrect translation. The article proves that they are the education applicants and researchers who use plagiarism, because during their first years of studying the demanding professors didn’t tolerate their academic virtue norms violation. The author recommends education applicants teaching of the fundamentals of academic ethics and the technologies of scientific works performance. The researchers’ recommendations on the elimination methods of academic dishonesty have been summarized. Psychological reasons for academic virtue violation have also been described: envy of their colleagues scientific achievements; fear of scientific task nonfulfillment; inferiority complex, complexes of diffidence and discouragement; laziness and using of easy ways for work performance; social ‘fashion’ for the behavior like easy performance of any work, etc.The article shows debatable issues of self-plagiarism context as academic virtue unconscious violation via publishing of thesis results in paraphrased articles, etc. The basic nature of direct ‘academic theft’ – publishing of other’s ideas up to the moment of their publishing by the author – has been identified. Securing methods against direct ‘academic theft’ via following ‘research and authorial secure’ have been specified. Elimination methods against specific types of plagiarism have been also outlined; they are to be performed via uniform electronic data base designing on thesis themes confirmation by Academic boards of institutions of high education and scientific institutions. They are aimed at monitoring of present scientific and pedagogical researches tendencies and securing against their copying. The article indicates the importance of legal principles and efficacy of punishment mechanisms for academic dishonesty. The author also stresses on securing against unjust punishment via control of scientific violation reliability that consists of several stages, etc.