PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZING PROFESSION-ORIENTED EDUCATION IN UNGRADED SCHOOLS OF UKRAINE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY
The article states that at the beginning of the third millennium, the problem of education of rural school pupils began to go far beyond the educational sphere, since the curtailment of rural ungraded schools could lead to «the extinction» of the village.
The goal is to analyse the problems of organization of profession-oriented education in ungraded schools of Ukraine at the beginning of the XXI century. For this purpose, the following research methods have been used: the analysis of the source base concerning the research problem; the conceptual and terminological analysis, synthesis and comparison of different interpretations of the concept of «an ungraded school»; the study of domestic experience in organizing profession-oriented education of the younger generation and ways to improve it.
It has been found that the concept «an ungraded school» has been used in scientific research for many decades, mainly for rural primary schools where teachers are less than classes, and each teacher works with two or more classes, or incomplete secondary schools or secondary schools with low filling capacity classes or lack of some classes.
The problem of organizing profession-oriented education of pupils and the ways of solving it (the establishment of interaction between different general educational institutions; the provision of special significance to the basic profession-oriented schools; the creation of proper conditions for the implementation of the curriculum of profession-oriented education in several areas; etc.) has been analysed.
It has been emphasised on the necessity to increase the attention of the village (including the ungraded) school and its detailed study to the achievements of rural schools in Ukraine regarding the organization of pupils’ vocational training in previous historical periods. It has been concluded that the search for ways to improve the activities of ungraded schools, the revival of the traditions of production training and the labour education of rural youth is promising for further scientific research.