DEVELOPMENT FEATURES OF WOMEN’S EDUCATION IN UKRAINIAN EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS (THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY)
The peculiarities of the development of women’s education in Ukraine through the prism of reforming transformations in education in the second half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries has been revealed in the article. In accordance with the main tasks of the research, the author has analysed the state of school education at this time, the preconditions for reforming educational changes and their implications on the territory of Ukraine. The content of female education in educational establishments of the country, specifics and directions of girls’ education in institutions of secondary education during the studied period have been found out.
It has been established that among the main tendencies of the development of women’s education at this time, there were the gradual easing of the church’s influence on the activity of educational establishments, along with the increasing attention of the state to gymnasium education; the development of new forms and methods of training women and their involvement in vocational education; the regulation of women’s education by official documentation (rules, regulations, statutes, plans, programs, etc.) and the predominance of a more secular context in the process of its development.
The author has described the system and examined the types of educational establishments in Ukraine during the studied period, including in which girls could obtain general primary and secondary education. The dynamics of the process of opening women’s gymnasiums and pro-gymnasium in the educational districts that were located in Ukraine have been confirmed.
The particular attention in the article has been devoted to the analysis and presentation of its results during the study of the process of reforming the system of secondary education. It has been proved that the transformations that took place during the reform of the school affected not only the form but also the content of the girls’ preparation, and therefore the quality of the general educational activity of secondary education establishments.