Claim for the dissolution of a limited liability company


  • Maria Labno


securing the claim, dissolution, limited liability company, company law.


The following article refers to the issue, relatively rarely raised in the jurisprudence, of the claim for the dissolution of a limited liability company, as one of the methods of corporate rights protection according to the legislation of Poland and partially of the European Union. The intention of the author was to describe the institution of the claim and describe the most essential doubts arising with regard to it’s practical use. The main focus was put on the interpretation problems connected to the condition of “important reasons” and most importantly on the ways of securing such a claim. Even though the institution as such deserves the full approval, as it may function as a last resort for a trapped minor shareholder to leave the company, very broad discretion is left to the doctrine and jurisprudence to formulate practical rules pertaining the use of this claim. Due to this fact further discussion on this topic seems reasonable and beneficial for the economic safety of the market’s participants.


1. The Act of 15 September 2000 - Commercial Companies Code (consolidated text: OJ from 2019 item 505, as amended).
2. The Act of 17 November 1964 – Code of Civil Procedure (consolidated text: OJ from 2019 item 1460, as amended).
3. Naworski J. P. (2011). Komentarz KSH (vol. 2, p. 587).
4. Terc A. (2019). In Kodeks spółek handlowych. Komentarz 2019 (red. Jara Z., ed. 22, article 271). C.H.BECK – legalis.
5. Kidyba A. (2019). Kodeks spółek handlowych. Komentarz do art. 1-300 (vol. 1, ed. 15, p. 1369-1375. Warszawa: Wolters Kluwer.
6. Rodzynkiewicz M. (2018). Kodeks spółek handlowych. Komentarz. (ed. 7, article 271).
7. Directive 2017/1132 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2017 relating to certain aspects of company law (OJ L 169, 30.6.2017).
8. Strzępka J., Zielińska E. (2015). Kodeks spółek handlowych. Komentarz. (ed. 7, article 271).
9. Szajkowski A., Tarska M. (2014). Kodeks spółek handlowych. Spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością. Komentarz do artykułów 151-300. (red. Sołtysiński S., vol. 2, ed. 3, article 271). Warszawa: C.H.BECK.
10. Pabis R. (2019). Kodeks spółek handlowych. Komentarz 2019. (red. Bieniak J., ed. 6, article 271).
11. Weiss I., Szumański A. (2016). Prawo spółek (ed. 2, p. 414-416). Warszawa: C.H.BECK.
12. The Act of 18 July 2005 – The Act on Court’s Fees in Civil Cases (consolidated text: OJ from 2019 item 785, as amended).
13. Zieliński A., Flaga-Gieruszyńska K. (2019). Kodeks postępowania cywilnego. Komentarz. (ed. 10., article 755). Warszawa: C.H.BECK.