Matrix Diophantine equations over quadratic rings and their solutions
The method for solving the matrix Diophantine equations over quadratic rings is developed. On the basic of the standard form of matrices over quadratic rings with respect to $(z,k)$-equivalence previously established by the authors, the matrix Diophantine equation is reduced to equivalent matrix equation of same type with triangle coefficients. Solving this matrix equation is reduced to solving a system of linear equations that contains linear Diophantine equations with two variables, their solution methods are well-known. The structure of solutions of matrix equations is also investigated. In particular, solutions with bounded Euclidean norms are established. It is shown that there exists a finite number of such solutions of matrix equations over Euclidean imaginary quadratic rings. An effective method of constructing of such solutions is suggested.