Existence and stability of traveling waves in parabolic systems of differential equations with weak diffusion
The aim of the present paper is to investigate of some properties of periodic solutions of a nonlinear autonomous parabolic systems with a periodic condition. We investigate parabolic systems of differential equations using an integral manifolds method of the theory of nonlinear oscillations. We prove the existence of periodic solutions in an autonomous parabolic system of differential equations with weak diffusion on the circle. We study the existence and stability of an arbitrarily large finite number of cycles for a parabolic system with weak diffusion. The periodic solution of parabolic equation is sought in the form of traveling wave. A representation of the integral manifold is obtained. We seek a solution of parabolic system with the periodic condition in the form of a Fourier series in the complex form and introduce a norm in the space of the coefficients in the Fourier expansion. We use the normal forms method in the general parabolic system of differential equations with retarded argument and weak diffusion. We use bifurcation theory for delay differential equations and quasilinear parabolic equations. The existence of periodic solutions in an autonomous parabolic system of differential equations on the circle with retarded argument and small diffusion is proved. The problems of existence and stability of traveling waves in the parabolic system with retarded argument and weak diffusion are investigated.