Correlation Of Functions Of Criminal Law Policy With Its Goals And Tasks
The question of the relationship and correlation of the concepts of «goals», «tasks» and «functions» in relation to criminal law policy is extremely important in the theoretical and methodological sense of the functioning of criminal law policy.
In this article, the author considers this problem from two points of view: as a dependence of «goal» - «task» and as the ratio of these categories with the functions of criminal policy.
The author supports the position expressed in the literature that the relationship between goal and task is that the goal gives a rather general model of the future state, expresses the orientation in the activities of the subjects of knowledge. The task is a kind of lower-level category, it mediates the movement to the goal within more specific limits. The task is a form of materialization of the goal, the appropriate degree of its achievement, although in the basis of its task also reflect the model of the future, they are compared on the principle of general and special.
The article states that the goal reflects the subjective understanding of the desired result, the task - the objective subject-oriented mechanisms (algorithms) to achieve it, and the functions - the activities for the implementation and solution of tasks. In this context, the function of criminal law policy reflects specific activities to address a specific task, without being directly related to a higher level category - the goals of criminal law policy.