Types Of Object And Subject Of Criminal Offenses In The Field Of Public Procurement
Criminal offenses in the field of public procurement are very diverse, which is due to the ambiguity about the direct object of such crimes. Based on the concept of public procurement, it should be noted that the general object of criminal encroachment in this area are public relations that arise during the purchase of goods, works and services by the customer at public expense.
The generic object of criminal offenses in the field of public procurement should be understood as the relations governing the established order of formation and expenditure of budget funds, ie relations in the field of distribution, redistribution and use of centralized and decentralized funds; established procedures for the purchase of services, works or acquisition of ownership of goods at public expense, etc. It is obvious that criminal offenses in the field of public procurement directly affect the budget system of the state and have the ability to affect the national economy as a whole.
The subject of criminal offenses in the field of public procurement are budget funds allocated for the procurement of goods, works and services to meet national needs.
The author believes that the peculiarity of the subject of criminal offenses in the field of public procurement is that there is an encroachment on the misappropriation of budget funds, which play a key role in the direction and efficiency of the national economy, including the main functions and tasks of the state. formation, distribution and use are defined by law. That is, these are funds that have a specific purpose, and, accordingly, can not be used otherwise.