Synthesis and Photoluminescence characterization of Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4:Eu3+,Sm3+ Phosphor for W-LED
A Red emitting with high efficiency Eu3+ doped Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4 and Sm3+ doped Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4 phosphors has been synthesized by combustion method, meanwhile, the photoluminescence properties of samples are investigated in detail. Morphology by SEM and chromaticity by CIE was studied. The results show that the excitation extends from 340 nm to 420 nm, with the highest excitation (394 nm and 406 nm) being in the violet area for Eu3+ and Sm3+ doping, indicating that the phosphor can correlate well with LED chips. Under violet light excitation of 394nm the phosphor Eu3+ doped Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4 and of 406 nm the phosphor Sm3+ doped Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4 can emit strong red light showing main emission peaks located at 617 nm and 602 nm are observed respectively. The PL properties implies the excellent stability of the phosphor. These results imply that the importance red phosphors Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4:Eu3+ and Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4:Sm3+ in W-LEDs under NUV excitation.
C. C. Lin, R. S. Liu, Advances in Phosphors for Light-emitting Diodes, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2, 1268 (2011); https://doi.org/10.1021/jz2002452.
S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y.X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, Q. Y. Zhang, Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties, Material Science and Engineering: R: Reports, 71, 1 (2010); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mser.2010.07.001.
C. M. Nandanwar, N. S. Kokode, Synthesis and Photoluminescence Properties of Ca5(PO4)3F:Ln (Ln: Dy3+, Eu3+ and Sm3+) Phosphors for near UV-based solid state lighting, Physics and Chemistry of solid state, 23 (3), 597 (2022); https://doi.org/10.15330/pcss.23.3.597-603.
S. Neeraj, N. Kijima, A. K. Cheetham, Novel red phosphors for solid-state lighting: the system NaM(WO4)2−x(MoO4)x:Eu3+ (M Gd, Y, Bi), Chemical Physics Letters, 387, 2 (2004); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2003.12.130.
H. Peng, Q. Gao, L. Meng, L. Zhang, Q. Pang, L. Liang, Sol-gel method and optical properties of Ca12Al14O32F2:Eu3+ red phosphors, Journal of Rare Earths, 33, 927 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0721(14)60507-X.
Z. W. Zhang, D. Q. Ma, Y. Yue, M. Z. Ma, R. P. Liu, Wide-band excited LaBMoO6:Eu3+ red phosphor for white-light-emitting diode, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 636, 113 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.134.
Q. Chen, B. Miao, P. S. Kumar, S. Xu, Enhanced luminescence properties and Judd-Ofelt analysis of novel red emitting Sr2LiScB4O10:Eu3+ phosphors for WLED applications, Optical Materials, 116, 111093 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2021.111093.
B. Han, P. J. Li, J. T. Zhang, J. Zhang, Y. F. Xue, X. Y. Suo, Q. Z. Huang, Y. Q. Feng, H. Z Shi, First observation of the emission from 5DJ (J=1, 2, 3) energy levels of Eu3+ in Bi4O3(BO3)(PO4):Eu3+ phosphor, Material Letters, 158, 208 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2015.06.024.
Tiansong Dai, Guifang Ju, Yang Lv, Yahong Jin, Haoyi Wu, Yihua Hu, Luminescence properties of novel dual-emission (UV/red) long afterglow phosphor LiYGeO4:Eu3+, Journal of Luminescence, 237, 118193 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2021.118193.
X. B. Qiao, H. J. Seo, Luminescence and crystallographic sites for Eu3+ ions in Sr5(PO4)3F phosphor, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 615, 270 (2014); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.06.164.
R. M. Yerojwar, N. S. Kokode, C. M. Nandanwar, Synthesis and Photoluminescence characterization of ZnAl12O19:Sm3+ Phosphor for W-LED, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology (IJSRST), 9 (3), 811 (2022); doi:https://doi.org/10.32628/IJSRST.
L. Zhang, Q. Liu, N. Ding, H. Yang, L. X. Wang, Q. T. Zhang, Dual-channel enhanced luminescence of double perovskite NaGdMgWO6:Eu3+ phosphor based on alternative excitation and delayed quenching, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 642, 45 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.04.109.
Z. H. Ju, R. P. Wei, J. X. Ma, C. R. Pang, W. S. Liu, A novel orange emissive phosphor SrWO4:Sm3+ for white light-emitting diodes, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 507, 133 (2010); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.07.138.
R. M. Yerojwar, N.S. Kokode, C. M. Nandanwar, Photoluminescence of ‒ Ca9Al(PO4)7:Eu3+ phosphor, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology (IJSRST), 9 (2), 410 (2022); https://doi.org/10.32628/IJSRST229346.
P. Solarz, W. R. Romanowski, Luminescence and energy transfer processes of Sm3+ in K5Li2LaF10:Sm3+- K5Li2SmF10 single crystals, Physics Review B, 72 075105-8 (2005); https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.075105.
A. Strzep, R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. D. Dzik, W. R. Romanowski, M. Berkowski, Optical spectra and excited state relaxation dynamics of Sm3+ in Gd2SiO5 single crystal, Applied Physics B, 106, 85 (2012); https://doi.org/10.1007/s00340-011-4731-9.
R. M. Yerojwar, N. S. Kokode, C. M. Nandanwar, Luminescence Properties of Rare Earth Sm3+ Doped Ca2Mg2Al28O46 Phosphor for white light emitting diode, International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Studies (IJSRIS), 1(1), 135 (2022); https://ijsrisjournal.com/index.php/ojsfiles/article/view/35.
C. K. Jayasankar, P Babu, Optical properties of Sm3+ ions in lithium borate and lithium fluoroborate glasses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 307 82 (2000); https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-8388(00)00888-4.
Y.Y. Chen, Q.F. Guo, L.B. Liao, M.Y. He, T.S. Zhou, L.F. Mei, M. Runowski, B. Ma, Preparation, crystal structure and luminescence properties of a novel single phase red emitting phosphor CaSr2(PO4)2:Sm3+, Li+, Royal Society of Chemistry Advance, 9 (9), 4834 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1039/C9RA00264B.
A. K. Vishwakarma, M. Jayasimhadri, Pure orange color emitting Sm3+ doped BaNb2O6 phosphor for solid-state lighting applications, Journal of Luminescence, 176, 112 (2016); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2016.03.025.
R. Yu, Y. Guo, L. Wang, H. M. Noh, B. K. Moon, B. C. Choi, J. H. Jeong, Characterizations and optical properties of orange-red emitting Sm3+-doped Y6WO12 phosphors, Journal of Luminescence, 155, 317 (2014); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.06.041.
C. M. Nandanwar, N. S. Kokode, A. N. Yerpude, S. J. Dhoble, Luminescence properties of LaPO4:RE (RE = Dy3+, Eu3+, Sm3+) orthophosphate phosphor for n-UV solid-state lighting prepared by wet chemical synthesis, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 34, 707 (2023); https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-023-10119-0.
C. M. Nandanwar, A. N. Yerpude, N. S. Kokode, S. J. Dhoble, Wet chemical synthesis of BiPO4:Eu3+ phosphor for w‐LED application, Luminescence. 37(10), 1800 (2022); https://doi.org/10.1002/bio.4340.
C. Yue, X. He, Y. Pu, D. Zhu, Synthesis and properties of a yellowish-green Sr3La(AlO)3(BO3)4:Tb3+ phosphor with a high thermal stability, Journal of Luminescence, 249, 119046 (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2022.119046.
R. Yu, Y. Guo, L. Wang, H. M. Noh, B. K. Moon, B. C. Choi, et al. Characterizations and optical properties of orange-red emitting Sm3+ -doped Y6WO12 phosphors. J Lumin. 155, 317 (2014); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.06.041.
S. Kaur, A. S. Rao, M. Jayasimhadri, Spectroscopic and Photoluminescence Characteristics of Sm3+ doped Calcium Aluminozincate Phosphor for Applications in w-LEDs, Ceramics International, 43, 7401 (2017); http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.02.129.
R. M. Yerojwar, N. S. Kokode, C. M. Nandanwar, D. K. Ingole, R.S. Meshram, Synthesis and Photoluminescence properties of a red emitting Sr4Al14O25:Eu3+, Sm3+ phosphors for near UV based w-LEDs, Journal of characterization, 3, 232 (2022); https://doi.org/10.29228/JCHAR.65059.
Z. Wang, S. Lou, P. Li, Improvement of the red emitting phosphor by introducing A+ (A=Li, Na, K) into Sr3La(PO4)3:Eu3+, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 658, 813, (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.11.022.
V. Singh, S. Kaur, M. Jayasimhadri, Luminescence properties of orange emitting CaAl4O7:Sm3+ phosphor for solid state lighting applications, Solid State Sciences, 101 106049 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2019.106049.
H. N. Luitel, T. Watari, R. Chand, T. Torikai, M. Yada, Photoluminescence properties of a novel orange red emitting Sr4Al14O25:Sm3+ phosphor and PL enhancement by Bi3+ co-doping, Optical Materias, 34, 1375 (2012); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2012.02.025.
C. M. Nandanwar, N. S. Kokode, A. N. Yerpude, S. J. Dhoble, Effect of dopant concentration on luminescence properties of a Ba3(PO4)2: RE (RE= Sm3+, Eu3+, Dy3+) phosphor for solid-state lighting, Chemical Data Collections 43, 100979 (2023); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cdc.2022.100979.
W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, K. Rajnak, Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+, The Journal of Chemical Physics, 49, 4424 (1968); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1669893.
E. Pavitra, G. S. R. Raju, Y. H. Ko, J. S. Yu, A novel strategy for controllable emissions from Journal Pre-proof 11 Eu3+ or Sm3+ ions co-doped SrY2O4:Tb3+ phosphors, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14, 11296 (2012); https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP41722G.
S. Devi, V. B. Taxak, S. Chahar, M. Dalal, J. Dalal, A. Hooda, A. Khatkar, R. K. Malik, S. P. Khatkar, Crystal chemistry and optical analysis of a novel perovskite type SrLa2Al2O7:Sm3+ nanophosphor for white LEDs, Ceramics International, 45, 15571 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.05.064.
S. Chahar, V. B. Taxak, M. Dalal, S. Singh, S. P. Khatkar, Structural and photoluminescence investigations of Sm3+ doped BaY2ZnO5 nanophosphors, Material Research Bulletin, 77, 91 (2016); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.01.027.
V. R. Bandi, B. K. Grandhe, M. Jayasimhadri, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, S. S. Yi, J. H. Jeong, Photoluminescence and structural properties of Ca3Y(VO4)3:RE3+ (RE3+= Sm3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+) powder phosphors for tri-colors, Journal of Crystal Growth, 326, 120 (2011);https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.01.075.
L. Wang, H. M. Noh, B. K. Moon, S. H. Park, K. H. Kim, J. Shi, and J. H. Jeong, DualMode Luminescence with Broad Near UV and Blue Excitation Band from Sr2CaMoO6:Sm3+ Phosphor for White LEDs, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119, 15517 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02828.
B. Bondzior, D. Stefańska, A. Kubiak, and P. J. Dereń, Spectroscopic properties of K4SrSi3O9 doped with Sm3+, Journal of Luminescence, 173, 38 (2016); :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2015.12.031.
T. Wang, W. Bian, D. Zhou, J. Qiu, X. Yu, and X. Xu, Red long lasting phosphorescence in Ca2Ge7O16:Sm3+ via persistent energy transfer from the host to Sm3+, Material Research Bulletin, 74, 151 (2016); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2015.10.028.
C. M. Nandanwar, N. S. Kokode, R. M. Yerojwar, A. N. Yerpude, R. S. Meshram, Wet chemical synthesis and photoluminescence study of Eu3+ activated orthophosphate based phosphor for n-UV based Solid state lighting, Journals of optics, 51, 1 (2023); https://doi.org/10.1007/s12596-023-01130-z.
C. M. Nandanwar, N. S. Kokode, A. N. Yerpude, S. J. Dhoble, Luminescence properties of BiPO4:Ln (Ln = Dy3+, Tb3+ and Sm3+) orthophosphate phosphors for near-UV-based solid-state lighting, Bulletin of Materials Science, 46, 51 (2023); https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-023-02900-y.