The Specifics and Legal Nature of Geological Study of Subsoil

  • N.R. Kobetska
Keywords: right for subsoil use; right to geological study of subsoil; geological information


Analyzes of legal doctrine and legislative geological study of subsoil gave grounds to derive the characteristics inherent in this type of subsoil use.
First, the right of geological study occupies an independent place in the system right for subsoil use law and is fundamental to other types of subsoil use.
Secondly, in its content geological study of the subsoil is a research, exploration activity, complex in its content, which is divided into a number of stages, stages.
Third, the fundamental requirement for geological study is the requirement to repeat the study of subsoil structure and the reliability of conclusions about mineral deposits, subsoil structure, and so on.
Fourth, the result of geological study of the subsoil is to obtain geological information, which has its own special legal regime.
Fifth, the use of subsoil for geological study has its own characteristics and the order of use for other types of subsoil use.
Sixth, works on geological study of subsoil, as a rule, are carried out on the basis of approved national target programs and are financed from the State budget.
Seventh, the relationship to the geological study of subsoil is subject to regulation of numerous regulations of different legal force and industry affiliation.
By its legal nature, geological law (the law of geological study of subsoil as an objective law) is a system of environmental, subsoil, land, economic, property, administrative, informational, financial and other norms. As a subjective, right-geological study of subsoil is a statutory ability of exploiters to exploit for the purpose of studying their buildings, processes occurring in the depths of the earth’s surface, quantitative and biological composition of mineral deposits and obtaining complete and reliable geological information.