Criminal violence science as a science: prospects for development
The article is devoted to the study of a particularly relevant problem - violence. Today, under the conditions of Russian aggression against Ukraine, violence in its various forms is becoming more and more common and takes on dangerous manifestations. The author analyzes the concept of violence and substantiates the need for the emergence and development of a new science – criminal violenceology. Criminal violence is the science of violence, its signs and types, violent behavior, violent aggressive crime, their patterns, determinants, measures to prevent and counter violence. The author examines the object and subject of science, identifies tasks. The tasks include minimizing the impact of criminal violence itself, formulating the concept of violence, identifying and analyzing signs of violence, obtaining objective data on the level, dynamics and structure of violence, developing and studying a comprehensive system of types of violence, researching and studying new types of violence, analyzing internal and external determinants of violence, to research and develop effective measures to prevent and counter both violence in general and in its individual types, to develop legislative changes to ensure effective prevention and countermeasures against violence. The article describes the system of criminal violenceology and its functions. The classic division into two parts can be applied to the system of criminal violenceology: general and special. The author refers to the functions of criminal violenceology as cognitive, prognostic, regulatory, and explanatory. Based on the results of the research, the author concludes about the independence of criminal violence science as a science and the need for its active development in order to effectively prevent and counter violence. Accordingly, criminal violence is the science of violence, its signs and types, violent behavior, violent aggressive crime, their regularities, determinants, measures to prevent and counter violence.