CULTUROLOGICAL APPROACH AS A TOOL FOR DEVELOPMENT TOLERANCE IN FUTURE SPECIALISTS
The article is dedicated to the study of tolerance problems and culturological approach as a tool of development tolerance in future specialists. In this case, tolerance is defined as an individually significant quality of personality. The content of tolerance qualities is determined by an individual's ability to make a morally determined choice, orientation of his or her character traits, environmental influence, disposition towards certain ideas. The meaning of culturological approach from the point of view of development tolerance in young generation is being analyzed. It is noticed that the concept of ‘tolerance’, taking into account its integrative character, is a subject of study by different sciences, such as philosophy, ethics, political science, sociology, psychology, culturology, pedagogics, etc. It is established that a significant role in the formation of tolerance in future specialists is given to the development of democratic thinking, the search for new approaches to educational activities, taking into account historical and cultural traditions of different regions of Ukraine. It is defined that the strategy of tolerance formation with the help of culturological approach consists in providing a person with all necessary conditions for his or her spiritual development, intellectual and moral freedom, choice of behavior, formation of perception of citizenship, patriotic and national consciousness, free global outlook, ability to maintain the beliefs concerning preservation of peace on the Earth, compassionate and tolerant attitude to others.
The purpose of the article is to justify theoretical concepts of ‘tolerance’ and ‘culturological approach’ in scientific research and provide definitions of these concepts. According to the purpose of the research, the following tasks were defined: to analyze theoretical foundations of ‘tolerance’ and ‘culturological approach’ concepts; to determine the essence and peculiarities of culturological approach as a tool for development tolerance in future specialists.
Theoretical techniques for analysis and generalization of scientific and methodical literature on the problem under study were used to solve the tasks.