Semiconductor Quantum Dots as Materials for Lasers Based on Them


  • S. D. Bardashevska Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • I.M. Budzulyak Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • S.I. Budzulyak V. Lashkarev Institute of Semiconductor Physics, NAS Ukraine
  • B.I. Rachiy Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • A.M. Boychuk Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University



quantum dots, hydrothermal synthesis, solvothermal synthesis, semiconductor quantum dots, quantum-dimensional effects


Quantum dots (QDs) today belong to the central research objects of many scientific groups. The study of theproperties of structures of small size is important both for the further development of electronics, and for theimprovement of existing semiconductor devices. At present, there are many methods of obtaining QDsobtainingunder the laboratory conditions: the method of ultrasonic grinding, molecular beam epitaxy, pulsed laser ablation,as well as using such methods of chemical synthesis as organometall synthesis, synthesis in reverse micelles,electrothermal synthesis, sol-gel synthesis, synthesis using thiol stabilizers, synthesis in a non-aqueous medium.Nowadays, the most promising methods are based on the use of the phenomenon of self-organization. These aremolecular-beam epitaxy and colloidal chemistry methods, and the latter are used for synthesisof nanosizedcrystals.The band gap width and the energy of luminescence peak are determined by the size of the particles.


[1] R. Vasylev, D .Dyryn, Quantum Dots: Synthesis, Properties, Application (FNM, Moscow, 2007).
[2] V. Klimov, Semiconductor and metal nanocrystals (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York,2004).
[3] S.V Gaponenko, Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystal (University Press Cambridge, 1998).
[4] V. Klimov, Semiconductor and metal nanocrystals, (Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 2004.
[5] A. I. Husev, Nanocrystalline materials: production methods and properties. Monograph (Yekaterinburg: Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1998).
[6] M.T. Harrison., S.V Kershaw , M.G Burt, A.L Rogach, A Kornowski., A Eychmuller, H Weller, Pure and Applied Chemistry. 72, 295 (2000).
[7] W.W., Yu, L.Qu ,W. Guo W., X .Peng, Chemistry of Materials. 15, 2854 (2003).
[8] M. Majumder , S. Karan , B Mallik , Study of steady state and time resolved photoluminescence of thiol capped CdS nanocrystalline powders dispersed in N,N-dimethylformamide ,Journal of Luminescence. 131, 2792 ( 2011).
[9] C Unni, D. Philip, S.L Smitha, K.M. Nissamudeen, K.G Gopchandran, Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 72, 827 (2009).
[10] Y.J. Xi, Z.G. Ling, H.G. Rong, Microelectronic Engineering 66, 115 (2003).
[11] R.B. Vasylev, D.N Dyryn, A.M. Haskov, The success of chemistry. 80(12), 1190 (2011).
[12] Y. Mastai and G. Hodes, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 2685 (1997).
[13] Y. Masumoto, K. Sonobe, Phys. Rev. 56, 9734 (1997).
[14] A.M. Kapitonov, A.P. Stupak, S.V. Gaponenko et al., J. Phys. Chem. 103, 10109 (1999).
[15] A.I. Ekimov and A.A. Onushchenko, Sov. Phys.-Semiconductors 16, 775 (1982).
[16] C.B. Murray, D.J. Norris, and M.G. Bawendi, J. Am.Chem. Soc. 115, 8706 (1993).
[17] T. Xuan, J. Liu, R. Xie, H. Li, Z. Sun, Chemistry of Materials 27(4),1187 (2015).
[18] A. Uddin, C.C. Teo, Fabrication of high efficient organic/CdSe quantum dots hybrid OLEDs by spin-coating method, SPIE Proceedings. Organic Photonic Materials and Devices XV. 8622,86220X (2013).
[19] A.H. Vytukhnovskyi, A.A. Vashchenko, D.N. Bыchkovskyi, D.N. Dyryn, P.N Tananaev, M.S. Vakshtein, D.A. Korzhonov, Physics and technology of semiconductors 47(12), 1591 (2013).
[20] O.V. Storonskyi, V.M. Mitsa, Physics and teleology of nanobjects. Course of lectures. Part 1 (Uzhgorod National University, Uzhhorod, 2009 ).
[21] B.D. Summ , N.Y. Yvanova, Advances in Chemistry 69(11), 995 (2000).
[22] S.A Ivanov, A. Piryatinski, J. Nanda, S. Tretiak, K.R. Zavadil, W.O. Wallace, D. Werder, V.I. Klimov, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(38), 11708 (2007).
[23] Al. L. Efros, F.L. Efros, Physics and technology of semiconductors 16, 1209 (1982).
[24] M.L. Cohen M., J.R. Chelikowsky, Electronic Structure and Optical Properties of Semiconductors. Springer Berlin Heidelberg 273 (1988).
[25] D. Schooss, A. Mews, A. Eychmuller, H. Weller, Phys. Rev. 49, 17072 (1994).
[26] M.V. Tkach, O. M. Voitsekhivska, V.A. Holovatskyi, O.M. Makhanets, A.M. Hryshchuk, Journ phys. past. 10, 315 (2006).
[27] Iu.V. Baiborodyn, Fundamentals of Laser Technology (Higher School, 1981).
[28] A.R. Kortan, R. Hull, R.L. Opila et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 1327 (1990).
[29] A. Rogach, Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots. Synthesis,assembly, spectroscopy and application ed. (Springer, New York, 2008).
[30] C.B Murray, D.J. Norris, M.G. Bawendi, J.Am.Chem.Soc. 115, 8706 (1993).
[31] C.B Murray, S Sun, W. Gaschler, H. Doyle, T.A Betley, C.R. Kagan, IBM J.Res.Dev. 45, 47 (2001).
[32] V.B. Fenelonov, Introduction to the physical chemistry of the formation of the supramolecular structure of adsorbents and catalysts (Novosibirsk: Publishing house of the SB RAS, 2002).
[33] C.R. Bullen, P.V. Mulvaney, Nanoletters 4(12), 2303(2004).
[34] .B. O'Regan, M. Grдtzel, Nature 353, 737 (1991).
[35] C.A. Leatherdale, C.R. Kagan, N.Y. Morgan, S.A. Empedocles, M.A Kastner, Bawendi, Physical Review B, 62, 2669 (2000).
[36] I.L. Medintz, H.T. Uyeda, E.R. Goldman, H.M. Mattuosi, Nature Materials 4, 435 (2005).
[37] O.O. Dankiv, R.M. Peleshchak, B.M. Peleshchak, Formation of a potential profile in GaAs matrix with InAs quantum dots, Bulletin of the Lviv Polytechnic National University. Electronics. 482, 126( 2003).
[38] R.M. Peleshchak, H.H. Zehria, O.O. Dankiv, UFJ. 50(4), 395(2005).
[39] R.M. Peleshchak, O.O. Dankiv, UFJ 50(5), 495(2005).
[40] O.O. Dankyv, R.M. Peleshchak, Letters in ZhTF. 31(16), 33( 2005).
[41] O.O. Dan’kiv, R.M. Peleshchak, Functional Materials 13(1), 14 (2006).
[42] D. Dan, J. Ding, Y. Tao, H. Li, Chen, X. Biosens. Bioelectron.24, 863 (2008).
[43] Z. Yue, W. Khalid, M. Zanella, A. Abbassi, A. Pfreundt, P. RiverGil, K. Schubert, F. Lisdat, W. Parak, J. Anal. Biochem. Chem. 396, 1095 (2010).
[44] D. Dan, W. Chen, W. Zhang, D. Liu, H. Li, Y. LinBiosens, Bioelectron. 25, 1370 (2010).
[45] V. Kobrinsky, E. Fradkin, V. Lumelsky, A. Rothchild, Y. Komem, Y. Lifshitz, Sensors and actuators B. 148, 379 (2010).
[46] V.V. Petrov, T.N. Nazarova, A.N. Korolev., A.T. Kozakov, N.K. Pluhotarenko, Physics and chemistry of materials processing 3, 58 (2005).
[47] Y.S. Al-Khadramy, A.N. Korolev, T.V. Semenystaia, T.N. Nazarova, V.V. Petrov, Izvestiya of higher educational institutions. Electronics 1, 20 (2008).
[48] V. Kobrinsky, E. Fradkin, V. Lumelsky, A. Rothchild, Y. Komem, Y. Lifshitz, Sensors and actuators B. 148, 379 (2010).
[49] M. Tonezzer, R.G. Lacerda, Sensors and Actuators B, 150, 517 (2010).
[50] E.Iu. Husev, V.A. Hamaleev, A.S. Mykhno, O.O. Myronenko, Fundamental researches 11, 389 (2012).
[51] Electrochemical and electrochemiluminescent evidences of nanodimensional particles of type CdTe in aqueous solutions: SB materials of the 3rd International. Radio electronics forum [Applied electronics. Status and prospects of development], Х.: ХНУРЕ. 4, 310 (2008).
[52] J. Lenz, A.S. Edelstein, IEEE Sens. J. 6, 631 (2006)
[53] S. Bandyopadhyay, M. Cahay, Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 1-2, 98 ( 2005).
[54] E.W. Nery, L.T. Kubota, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 117, 551 (2016).
[55] M.M. Rodrнguez-Delgado, G.S. Alemбn-Nava, J.M. Rodrнguez-Delgado, G. Dieck-Assad, S.O. Martнnez Chapa, D. Barcelу, R. Parra, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 74, 21 (2015).
[56] J. Turan, M. Kesik, S. Soylemeza, S. Goker, S. Coskun, H.E. Unalan, L. Toppare, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 228, 278 ( 2016).
[57] Ch. Wu, Z. Liu, H. Sun, X. Wang, P. Xu, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 79, 843 (2016).
[58] A.N. Kozitsina, Zh.V. Shalygina, S.S. Dedeneva, G.L. Rusinov, G.M. Tolshchina, E.V. Verbitskiy, Kh.Z. Brainina, Russian Chemical Bulletin 58(6), 1119 (2009).
[59] Y. Li, L. Fang, P. Cheng, J. Deng, L. Jiang, H. Huang, J. Zheng, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 49, 485 (2013).
[60] L. Wu, B. Gao, F. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, Talanta 106, 360 (2013).
[61] X. Zhang, F. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. Shen, E. Han, X. Dong, Talanta 132, 600 (2015).



How to Cite

Bardashevska, S. D. ., Budzulyak, I., Budzulyak, S., Rachiy, B., & Boychuk, A. (2018). Semiconductor Quantum Dots as Materials for Lasers Based on Them. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 19(2), 113–129.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 > >>