Use of Microwaves to Activate Bentonite in the Processes of Sorption of Nickel Ions from Concentrated Aqueous Solutions


  • A. Kontsur Lviv State University of Life Safety
  • L. Sysa Lviv State University of Life Safety
  • L. Shevchuk Danylo Galytsky Lviv National Medical University



aqueous solutions, nickel, purification, sorbent, bentonite, activation, microwave


The physicochemical parameters of the process of sorption water purification from compounds of Nickelwith clay sorbent in static conditions are studied. The absorption isotherm of ions of this metal from concentratedaqueous solutions on samples of bentonite using ultrahigh-frequency irradiation (microwave) is analyzed. Mostcorrectly, it is described by the linear equation of Langmuir. It is shown that irradiation of this sorbent bymicrowaves in the process of nickel ion sorting almost 2 times increases the value of the marginal sorptioncapacity for this metal (in comparison with the method of "stimulation" - preliminary washing of bentonite withpure water under the action of microwaves). The results of the study of spent bentonite by scanning electronmicroscopy, energy dispersion and X-ray diffraction analysis indicate that the metal under action of themicrowave is deposited on the surface of the bentonite not only in the form of an adsorbed monolayer of ions, butalso in the form of a separate crystalline phase, nickel silicate. Changes in the acidity of the medium duringsorption purification under the action of microwave are observed: from pH ≈ 5.7 ... 6.5 (before exposure) to pH ≈6.7 ... 7.1 (after irradiation). Confirmed assumption about that under the action of microwaves in the aqueousmedium there is a partial destruction of the silicate framework of clay sorbents with the release of silicon ionsSiO32-. These ions undergo hydrolysis, as a result of which the pH of the solution increases. Also, the directdiscontinuity of the Si-O bonds in the near-surface groups ≡Si-OH is not excluded, which leads to an increase inthe number of "free" hydroxyl groups.


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How to Cite

Kontsur, A., Sysa, L., & Shevchuk, L. (2019). Use of Microwaves to Activate Bentonite in the Processes of Sorption of Nickel Ions from Concentrated Aqueous Solutions. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 19(2), 191–196.