Free Vibration Analysis of Composite Cylindrical Shell Reinforced with Silicon Nano-Particles: Analytical and FEM Approach
Previous research presented the effect of nanomaterials on the mechanical properties of composite materials with various volume fraction effects; in addition, their research presented the effect of nanomaterials on the same mechanical characteristics for a composite plate structure, such as vibration and thermal buckling behavior. Therefore, since the use of shell structures is for large applications, it is necessary to investigate the modification of the vibration characteristics of its design with the effect of nanomaterials and study the influence of other reinforced nanoparticle types on its features. Therefore, in this work, silicon nanoparticles were selected to investigate their effect on the vibration behavior of a shell structure. As a result, this work included studying the vibration behavior by testing the shell structure with a vibration test machine. In addition, after manufacturing the composite material shell with various silicon volume fractions, the mechanical properties were evaluated. In addition, the finite element technique with the Ansys program was used to assess and compare the vibration behavior of the shell structure using the numerical technique. The comparison of the results gave an acceptable percentage error not exceeding 10.93%. Finally, the results evaluated showed that the modification with silicon nanomaterials gave very good results since the nanomaterials improved about 65% of the shell's mechanical properties and vibration characteristics.
K. N. Emad, H. S. Bakhy, and M. Al-Waily, Analytical and Numerical Investigation of Buckling Behavior of Functionally Graded Sandwich Plate with Porous Core, Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 25( 2), 339 (2022).
G.Lin, F. Li, Q. Zhang, P. Chen, W. Sun, I. Saikov, V. Shcherbakov, & M. Alymov, Dynamic instability of fiber composite cylindrical shell with metal liner subjected to internal pulse loading, Composite Structures, 280, (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.114906.
A. Melaibari, A.A. Daikh, M. Basha, A. Wagih, R. Othman, K.H. Almitani, M.A. Hamed, A. Abdelrahman, M.A. Eltaher, A Dynamic Analysis of Randomly Oriented Functionally Graded Carbon Nanotubes/Fiber-Reinforced Composite Laminated Shells with Different Geometries, Mathematics, 10, 408, (2022); https://doi.org/10.3390/math10030408.
M. Q. Wu, W. Zhang, & Y. Niu, Experimental and numerical studies on nonlinear vibrations and dynamic snap-through phenomena of bistable asymmetric composite laminated shallow shell under center foundation excitation, European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, 89, 2021; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2021.104303.
H. Bisheh, N.Wu, & T. Rabczuk, Free vibration analysis of smart laminated carbon nanotube-reinforced composite cylindrical shells with various boundary conditions in hygrothermal environments, Thin-Walled Structures 149, 106500 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2019.106500.
Thakur, S. Nath & C. Ray, Static and free vibration analyses of moderately thick hyperbolic paraboloidal cross ply laminated composite shell structure, Structures, 32, 876 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2021.03.066.
X. Miao, C. Li, & Y. Jiang, Free vibration analysis of metal-ceramic matrix composite laminated cylindrical shell reinforced by CNTs, Composite Structures, 260, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.113262.
A. Talezadehlari, Free vibration analysis of perforated composite cylindrical shell and panel using multi-domain generalized differential quadrature (GDQ) method, Composite Structures, 287, 115337 (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2022.115337.
Y. Zhang, & D. Shi, Vibration analysis of laminated composite coupled double cylindrical shell-annular-rectangular plate system, Composite Structures, 281, (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.115020.
E. Sobhani, A. R. Masoodi, & A. R. Ahmadi-Pari, Vibration of FG-CNT and FG-GNP sandwich composite coupled Conical-Cylindrical-Conical shell, Composite Structures, 273, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.114281.
C. Guo, T. Liu, Q. Wang, B. Qin, & A. Wang, A unified strong spectral Tchebychev solution for predicting the free vibration characteristics of cylindrical shells with stepped-thickness and internal–external stiffeners, Thin-Walled Structures, 168, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2021.108307.
A. A. Hamzah, H. K. Jobair, O. I. Abdullah, E. T. Hashim, & L. A. Sabri, An investigation of dynamic behavior of the cylindrical shells under thermal effect, In Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 12, 537 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2018.07.007.
H. Li, G. Cong, L. Li, F. Pang, & J. Lang,. A semi analytical solution for free vibration analysis of combined spherical and cylindrical shells with non-uniform thickness based on Ritz method, Thin-Walled Structures, 145, (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2019.106443.
H. Li, F. Pang, X. Miao, S. Gao, & F. Liu, A semi analytical method for free vibration analysis of composite laminated cylindrical and spherical shells with complex boundary conditions, Thin-Walled Structures, 136, 200 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2018.12.009.
Z. Qin, X. Pang, B. Safaei, & F. Chu, Free vibration analysis of rotating functionally graded CNT reinforced composite cylindrical shells with arbitrary boundary conditions, Composite Structures, 220, 847 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.04.046.
M. Azmi, R. Kolahchi, M.R. Bidgoli, Dynamic analysis of concrete column reinforced with Sio2 nanoparticles subjected to blast load, Advances in Concrete Construction, 7(1), 51 (2019).
Li Xiao, Parametric resonances of rotating composite laminated nonlinear cylindrical shells under periodic axial loads and hygrothermal environment, Composite Structures, 255, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.112887.
M. Zarei, G.H. Rahimi, M. Hemmatnezhad, On the free vibrations of joined grid-stiffened composite conical-cylindrical shells, Thin-Walled Structures, 161, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2021.107465.
K. Kim, Y. Jon, K. An, S. Kwak, & Y. Han, A solution method for free vibration analysis of coupled laminated composite elliptical-cylindrical-elliptical shell with elastic boundary conditions, Journal of Ocean Engineering and Science, 7(2), 112 (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joes.2021.07.005.
G. Sciascia, V. Oliveri, & P. M. Weaver, Dynamic analysis of prestressed variable stiffness composite shell structures, Thin-Walled Structures, 175, (2022); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2022.109193.
D3039/D03039M, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, ASTM International, (2000)
E. Njim, S.Bakhi, & M.Al-Waily, Free vibration analysis of imperfect functionally graded sandwich plates: analytical and experimental investigation, Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 111/2 49 (2021); https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0015.5805.
S. E. Sadiq, M. J. Jweeg, and S. H. Bakhy, Strength analysis of aircraft sandwich structure with a honeycomb core: Theoretical and Experimental Approaches, Engineering and Technology Journal, 39, 153 (2021).
J. Jweeg, M., I. Mohammed, A., & S. Jabbar, M., Investigation of Thickness Distribution Variation in Deep Drawing of Conical Steel Products, Engineering and Technology Journal, 39, 4A, 586 (2021); https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.v39i4A.1908
E. Njim, S. Bakhi, & M. Al-Waily, Experimental and Numerical Flexural Properties of Sandwich Structure with Functionally Graded Porous Materials, Engineering and Technology Journal, 40, 1, 137 (2022); https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.v40i1.2184.
E. Njim, S. Bakhi, & M. Al-Waily, Experimental and numerical flexural analysis of porous functionally graded beams reinforced by (Al/Al2O3) nanoparticles, International Journal of Nanoelectronics and Materials, 15(2), 91 (2022).