Experimental investigation and thermodynamic assessment of phase equilibria in the GaTe–AgGa5Te8–Te system below 600 K


  • M. Moroz National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
  • P. Demchenko Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine
  • F. Tesfaye Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland; Metso Outotec Finland Oy, Espoo, Finland
  • M. Prokhorenko Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • S. Prokhorenko Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • O. Reshetnyak Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Lviv, Ukraine




Ag-containing compounds, Thermoelectric materials, Thermodynamic properties, Phase equilibria, Gibbs energy, EMF method


Equilibrium T–x space of the Ag–Ga–Te system in the GaTe–AgGa5Te8–Te part was divided below 600 K into three-phase regions Ga2Te5–AgGa5Te8–Te, Ga2Te3–AgGa5Te8–Ga2Te5, Ga7Te10–AgGa5Te8–Ga2Te3, Ga3Te4–AgGa5Te8–Ga7Te10, and GaTe–AgGa5Te8–Ga3Te4 by the electromotive force (EMF) method. To accomplish accurate experimental data, the following electrochemical cells (ECs) were assembled: (−)IE|NE|SSЕ|R{Ag+}|PЕ|IE(+), where IE is the inert electrode (graphite powder), NE is the negative electrode (silver powder), SSE is the solid-state electrolyte (glassy Ag3GeS3Br), PE is the positive electrode, R{Ag+} is the region of PE that contact with SSE. At the stage of cell preparation, PE is a nonequilibrium phase mixture of the well-mixed powdered compounds Ag2Te, GaTe, Ga2Te3, and tellurium, taken in ratios corresponding to two or three different points in each of the mentioned regions. The equilibrium set of phases was formed in the R{Ag+} region at 600 K for 48 h with the participation of the Ag+ ions. Silver cations, displaced for thermodynamic reasons from the NE to the PE of the ECs, acted as catalyst, i.e., small nucleation centers of equilibrium phases. The spatial position of the established three-phase regions relative to the silver point was used to assign the overall potential-determining reactions of synthesis of the ternary AgGa5Te8 and binary Ga2Te5, Ga7Te10, Ga3Te4 compounds. For the first time, the values of the standard thermodynamic functions (Gibbs energies, enthalpies, and entropies) of these compounds were determined based on the temperature dependences of the EMF of the ECs.


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How to Cite

Moroz, M. ., Demchenko, P., Tesfaye, F., Prokhorenko, M., Prokhorenko, S., & Reshetnyak, O. (2023). Experimental investigation and thermodynamic assessment of phase equilibria in the GaTe–AgGa5Te8–Te system below 600 K. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 24(4), 699–706. https://doi.org/10.15330/pcss.24.4.699-706



Scientific articles (Chemistry)