Comparative legal analysis of the experience of Ukraine and Hungary in the context of component systems of institutional ensuring the external functions of the states
The comparative legal analysis of the experience of different states, in this case of Ukraine and Hungary, has even greater interest and novelty in the scientific field due to its lack of research, which makes this article an even greater contribution to science. Examining the sector, we can note the peculiarities of the modern state, which find their embodiment in the modification of the functions of the state. The development of theories of functions gives us the opportunity to forecast a specific situation related to the transformation of the state or its individual institutions, the implementation of state policy. The question of the system of institutional support of external functions, as well as the question of power sources, renewal, and activity of external functions, is always a relevant issue for the scientific sphere, due to constant changes. A full-scale war in Ukraine causes huge human, economic and cultural losses. Life was divided into «before the war» and «in the war». All this pushes Ukraine to the starting point of reference, where after the end of this agony-propaganda «military operation» there will be a period of great reconstruction and punishment of the guilty within the framework of international law. The purpose of each state, its directions of functioning, success, neglect, and limits of implementation can be vividly considered today under the prism of its external functions. The issue of state functions remains one of the key issues in the theory and practice of state formation. They play an important role in the implementation of state policy, because without influencing this or that phenomenon of social relations, the state is unable to solve the tasks set before it and achieve the set goals. Comprehensive implementation of state policy is a guarantee of a peaceful and safe existence and further development of the entire society. This scientific article highlights several structural parts of the external function: Essence and social purpose; Areas of state activity; The main direction of the influence of the state and its final goal (object); The method, form, and principle of implementation of the external functions of the state and the relationship of practical activities with the goal (toward which the functions are directed). However, this part of the article analyzes the first two components - the essence and social purpose and directions of state activity.