Raising the Achievements of Schoolchildren in Mountain Regions by Means of Using Local History/Lore Materials


  • Vasyl Kobal
  • Maryna Kobal




local folklore, local history, cognitive interest


The article is devoted to the effectiveness of the use of local lore material in mountainous
terrain schools to improve student achievement in the development of their cognitive interest. In
particular, the analysis of the role of the school in the development of Ukrainian Carpathian
mountain areas of education and younger generation training. Attention is drawn to the fact that
during the organization of the educational process in schools of mountainous terrain ,we are to
take into consideration rather high level of spirituality of Highlanders, their love for their land ,
traditions and customs. Therefore, during the lessons of social and humanitarian course the teacher
is to use local history material that will provide development of students cognitive interest. The
authors in the experimental studies process demonstrated that the organization of learning the
history of Ukraine in the 5th grade should be directed to the development of cognitive interest in
history. So, the children in the 5th grade will not have to study the whole history. They are to be
prepared to gradually assimilate to it according to the curriculum. A critical factor in successful
learning is to form cognitive interest. To make the learning process easier and more interesting the
teacher must offer his/her students the curriculum material which they would not only feel, but
also easily understand. The students must realize that it's not about teaching something/someone
unknown, but about themselves, their parents, grandparents, great grandparents, family, region,
country. Therefore, the initial training should dominate local history material, allowing the
development of cognitive interest in history, lay the foundations of historical knowledge and
provide increasing levels of students’ achievements. This is ensured by a parallel study of the
history of the native land. The authors defined teaching and learning requirements for local lore
material to be used in the process of study and presented their own examples .




How to Cite

Kobal, V. and Kobal, M. 2014. Raising the Achievements of Schoolchildren in Mountain Regions by Means of Using Local History/Lore Materials. Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. 1, 2-3 (Dec. 2014), 109–114. DOI:https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.1.2-3.109-114.