Modelling of derivatives pricing using methods of spectral analysis
In this article expands the method of finding the approximate price for a wide class of derivative financial instruments. Using the spectral theory of self-adjoint operators in Hilbert space and the wave theory of singular and regular perturbations, the analytical formula of the approximate asset price is established. Methods for calculating the approximate price of options using the tools of spectral analysis, singular and regular wave theory in the case of fast and slow factors are developed. Combining methods from the spectral theory of singular and regular perturbations, it is possible to estimate the price of derivative financial instruments as a schedule by eigenfunctions. The approximate value of securities and their rate of return are calculated. Applying the theory of Sturm-Liouville, Fredholm’s alternative and analysis of singular and regular perturbations at different time scales have enabled us to obtain explicit formulas for the approximate value of securities and their yield on the basis of the development of their eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of self-adjoint operators using boundary value problems for singular and regular perturbations. The theorem of closeness estimates for bond prices approximation is proved. An algorithm for calculating the approximate price of derivatives and the accuracy of estimates has been developed, which allows to analyze and draw precautionary conclusions and suggestions to minimize the risks of pricing derivatives that arise in the stock market. A model for finding the value of derivatives corresponding to the dynamics of the stock market and the size of financial flows has been developed. This model allows you to find the prices of derivatives and their volatility, as well as minimize speculative changes in pricing, analyze the progress of stock market processes and take concrete steps to improve the situation to optimize financial strategies. The used methodology of European options pricing based on the study of volatility behavior and analysis of the yield of financial instruments allows to increase the accuracy of the forecast and make sound management strategic decisions by stock market participants.