Productive Capacity of Ukraine’s Economy and its Regions in Terms of Social Dimensions in War Conditions
The article deals with the issue of human potential as the basis for the growth of the state's productive capacity both on the domestic and international markets, and as a whole, the basis for the socio-economic progress of society. Russia's unprecedented invasion of Ukraine and the deployment of a full-scale war on the territory of our country led to immediate changes in the demographic situation of the country, which in turn caused corresponding consequences for the economy, which will be felt for a long time. Since the beginning of the war, more than 6 million people have left the territory of Ukraine, approximately 7.7 million were forced to leave their homes and became internally displaced persons. Despite a considerable amount of research, today the issue of preserving the human potential of Ukraine remains especially relevant in the conditions of Russian aggression. Thus, the purpose of this article is to outline the current problems of the loss of human potential as a result of Russian aggression, the formation of opportunities and the search for ways to preserve and reproduce it, as well as the implementation of an effective scenario for the management of human potential both at the national and regional levels. The article examines the essence of the human potential category, defines the author's interpretation of the content of this category. Certain assumptions are also made regarding the economic prospects and the determining role of the demographic factor for the further economic future of Ukraine. The main ways to preserve the human potential of the state, as well as its further reproduction in the conditions of post-war economic recovery, are outlined. It is substantiated that in the future, after the stage of reconstruction is completed in the Ukrainian economy and it enters the path of gradual development, human capital will play a decisive role. In the long-term perspective, namely on the scale of several decades, the demographic factor may become decisive for the development of Ukraine's economy. Today, in Ukraine, the categories of human potential and human development as interdependent and complementary categories, which are closely correlated with each other, are forced to function in the coordinate system of military-economic relations. Therefore, the modern economic policy of the state requires the strengthening of measures not only of the military-economic, but also primarily of social-cultural and moral-ethical development of human potential within the country, in particular, its effective strategic management in the processes of forming the priorities of foreign economic activity and the Euro-Atlantic perspective.