Trade Credit: Some Issues of Accounting and Analysis of Accounts Receivable




Accounting, Principles of financial accounting, accounts receivable management, trade credit, оperational ratios


This article studies the accounting and analysis of accounts receivable, particularly trade credit, as a key financial management tool within the global competitive environment. The authors explore theoretical and practical aspects of managing accounts receivable and methods to assess its impact on financial stability. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical justification for non-standard practices in accounting and analyzing trade credit as a separate asset, aiding in better risk identification of bad debts that affect enterprise viability. The study highlights that accounting entries for income registration result in constant receivables within assets, necessitating proper management strategies. Customer receivables, often from trade credit, require a dedicated debt management and collection policy to minimize operational risks. The authors point out that national and international accounting standards do not classify trade credit as a separate asset, complicating financial risk management and analysis. Effective management methods, including data collection on customer creditworthiness, are critical for financial stability. The article underscores the importance of systematizing empirical studies to support theoretical development in accounting and analyzing accounts receivable. Effective trade credit management is vital for enterprise competitiveness. The study employs dialectical and deductive approaches to draw logical conclusions on the relationship between receivable management and financial stability. The authors review Ukrainian and international legislation to identify legal aspects of receivables management. A high proportion of bills of exchange in receivables indicates customer credit risk, necessitating an effective credit policy. Recommendations include analyzing customer creditworthiness and using modern financial risk assessment methods. This article proposes approaches to accounting and analyzing accounts receivable, enhancing the scientific theory of financial management and improving the application of theoretical knowledge in modern economic management.


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How to Cite

Gnatiuk, T. et al. 2024. Trade Credit: Some Issues of Accounting and Analysis of Accounts Receivable. Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. 11, 2 (Jun. 2024), 79–90. DOI: