Structure and morphology of MoS2 / Carbon nanocomposite materials

  • V.M. Boychuk Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • L.O. Shyyko Precarpathian Eco-Energy Cluster
  • V.O. Kotsyubynsky Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
  • A. Kachmar Institute of Metal Physics named after G.V. Kurdyumov NAS of Ukraine; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
Keywords: Molybdenum disulfide, mesoporous carbon, hydrothermal synthesis, nanocomposite

Abstract

The paper presents the experimental results of the hydrothermal synthesis composite materials based on the MoS2 and carbon using different types of detergents (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and Triton-X) or microporous carbon. The synthesized material was studied by XRD, TEM, and EDS. The investigation of structural and morphological properties of the obtained nanocomposite material shows that the nanoparticles (the average size of about 40 nm) obtained by detergent-assisted procedure have a multilayer crystal ordered superficial layers where quasi-two-dimensional MoS2 layers alternate with amorphous carbon. The annealing at 500oC in argon caused the formation turbostratically stacked layers of crystalline MoS2 with amorphous carbon located in the interlayer space. The core-shall morphology (carbon nanoparticles on the surface of MoS2 clusters) was observed for composite materials synthesized on the base of microporous carbon.

References

[1] Li, Y., Wang, H., Xie, L., Liang, Y., Hong, G., & Dai, H. (2011). MoS2 nanoparticles grown on graphene: an advanced catalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133(19), 7296-7299.

[2] Peng, W. C., Chen, Y., & Li, X. Y. (2016). MoS2/reduced graphene oxide hybrid with CdS nanoparticles as a visible light-driven photocatalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Journal of hazardous materials, 309, 173-179.

[3] Liu, T., Wang, C., Gu, X., Gong, H., Cheng, L., Shi, X., ... & Liu, Z. (2014). Drug delivery with PEGylated MoS2 nano‐sheets for combined photothermal and chemotherapy of cancer. Advanced materials, 26(21), 3433-3440.

[4] Zhou, J., Qin, J., Zhang, X., Shi, C., Liu, E., Li, J., ... & He, C. (2015). 2D space-confined synthesis of few-layer MoS2 anchored on carbon nanosheet for lithium-ion battery anode. ACS nano, 9(4), 3837-3848.

[5] Hu, Z., Wang, L., Zhang, K., Wang, J., Cheng, F., Tao, Z., & Chen, J. (2014). MoS2 nanoflowers with expanded interlayers as high‐performance anodes for sodium‐ion batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 53(47), 12794-12798.

[6] Yang, M., Jeong, J. M., Huh, Y. S., & Choi, B. G. (2015). High-performance supercapacitor based on three-dimensional MoS2/graphene aerogel composites. Composites Science and Technology, 121, 123-128.

[7] Lee, Y. H., Zhang, X. Q., Zhang, W., Chang, M. T., Lin, C. T., Chang, K. D., ... & Lin, T. W. (2012). Synthesis of large‐area MoS2 atomic layers with chemical vapor deposition. Advanced materials, 24(17), 2320-2325.

[8] Li, N., Chai, Y., Dong, B., Liu, B., Guo, H., & Liu, C. (2012). Preparation of porous MoS2 via a sol–gel route using (NH4) 2Mo3S13 as precursor. Materials Letters, 88, 112-115.

[9] Peng, Y., Meng, Z., Zhong, C., Lu, J., Yu, W., Jia, Y., & Qian, Y. (2001). Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of single-molecular-layer MoS2 and MoSe2. Chemistry Letters, 30(8), 772-773.

[10] Koroteev, V. O., Bulusheva, L. G., Asanov, I. P., Shlyakhova, E. V., Vyalikh, D. V., & Okotrub, A. V. (2011). Charge transfer in the MoS2/carbon nanotube composite. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(43), 21199-21204.

[11] Chang, K., Mei, Z., Wang, T., Kang, Q., Ouyang, S., & Ye, J. (2014). MoS2/graphene cocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic H2 evolution under visible light irradiation. ACS nano, 8(7), 7078-7087.

[12] da Silveira Firmiano, E. G., Rabelo, A. C., Dalmaschio, C. J., Pinheiro, A. N., Pereira, E. C., Schreiner, W. H., & Leite, E. R. (2014). Supercapacitor electrodes obtained by directly bonding 2D MoS2 on reduced graphene oxide. Advanced Energy Materials, 4(6), 1301380.

[13] Yang, D., & Frindt, R. F. (1996). Powder X-ray diffraction of turbostratically stacked layer systems. Journal of materials research, 11(7), 1733-1738.

[14] Shyyko, L., Kotsyubynsky, V., Budzulyak, I., Rawski, M., Kulyk, Y., & Lisovski, R. (2015). Synthesis and double‐hierarchical structure of MoS2/C nanospheres. physica status solidi (a), 212(10), 2309-2314.
Published
2019-04-01
How to Cite
BoychukV., ShyykoL., KotsyubynskyV., & KachmarA. (2019). Structure and morphology of MoS2 / Carbon nanocomposite materials. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 20(1), 63-68. https://doi.org/10.15330/pcss.20.1.68
Section
Review

Most read articles by the same author(s)