Influence of Plasma State of Matter on the Diffusion Atoms at Electrolysis
In paper, the basic parameters of the plasma state of substance around the cathode, as the main factor influencing the intensification of diffusion processes were studied. It is shown the diffusion layer formation on the surface of aluminum and its alloys has a sufficiently high speed (30 - 40 m / min.) conditioned the activity of saturating environment, which is determined by the state of electrolytic plasma. Qualitative assessment the degree of ionization, the average free path for discharge in a hydrogen atmosphere, the average time between collisions, the average characteristic times of the particle momentum transmission in the gas discharge conditions with hydrogen ions, the time of electron energy transmission when it interacts with a heavy particle, depending on the temperature have received in the study of the characteristics and features of electrolytic plasma in the cathode zone. А result of calculations of the physical characteristics of the electrolytic plasma has been determined that hydrogen is a major contributor to the plasma energy and promotes the intensification of diffusion processes.
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