Growth, structural, optical and mechanical studies on Amino acids doped Nonlinear optical sodium acid phthalate single crystals
The slow evaporation technique was used to successfully grown amino acid doped sodium acid phthalate (NaAP) crystals at room temperature. A great deal of research has been done on the effects of amino acids on NaAP growth and characteristics. X-ray diffraction was used to examine the crystal structure and lattice parameters of the grown crystals. Functional groups were found in the title crystals, which revealed themselves utilizing FTIR spectra. The optical transparency of the doped crystals was noticed by measurements of optical absorption. In order to assess the mechanical strength of the produced crystals, Vickers microhardness tests were employed. The technique of Kurtz powder was utilized to calculate the second harmonic generation (SHG) performance of the cultivated crystals.
V Beena, et.al., Enhanced Photocatalytic and Antibacterial Activities of ZnSe Nanoparticles, Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials, 1-12, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-021-02053-7
S. R Marder, J. E. Sohn, and G. D. Stucky (Eds.), “Material for Nonlinear Optics”, American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Proceedings, Washington, 455 (1991); https://doi.org/10.1002/ACTP.1993.010440216.
A Arputhalatha, et.al., Synthesis, growth, physio‐chemical and Hirshfeld surface analysis of guanidinium l-glutamate single crystal, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 32(9), 12503-12512 (2021); https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-05884-9.
B. G. Penn, B. H. Cardelino, C. E. Moore, A. W. Sheilds, and D. O. Frazier. “Growth of bulk single crystals of organic materials for nonlinear optical devices: An overview”, Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater., 22, 19-51 (1991); https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-8974(91)90024-7.
G Palani et.al., A study on structural, microhardness, dielectric and antimicrobial properties of TSMnAc crystal, Materials Research Innovations 25(4), 208-214 (2021) https://doi.org/10.1080/14328917.2020.1772448.
J. Badan, R. Hierie, A. Perigaud, and J. Zyss (Eds.), “NLO Properties of Organic Molecules and Polymeric Materials”, American Chemical Society Symposium Series, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 233 (1993); https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.2229.
Sakthy Priya S., et.al., 2020. Crystal growth and characterization of Benzimidazolium salicylate single crystal for nonlinear optical studies and antibacterial activity. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State 21(3), 377-389 (2020); https://doi.org/10.15330/pcss.21.3.377-389.
S. S. Hussaini, N. R. Dhumane, G. Rabbani, P. Karmuse, V. G. Dongre, and M. D. Shirsat, “Growth and high frequency dielectric study of pure and thiourea doped KDP crystals”, Cryst. Res. Tech., 42, 1110-1116 (2007); http://doi.org/10.1002/crat.200710929.
C Pravallika, et.al., Crystal growth, spectroscopic and antimicrobial investigations on glycine-doped ZnSO 4–(NH 4) 2 SO 4 single crystal, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 1-9, (2021); https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-05967-7.
K. Karthik et.al., Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a New Binuclear Copper(II) Carboxylate Complex as a Precursor for Copper(II) Oxide Nanoparticles, Journal of Structural Chemistry 60, 1126–1132 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1134/S002247661907014X.
N. R. Dhumane, S. S. Hussaini, V. V. Nawarkhele, and M. D. Shirsat, “Dielectric studies of metal complexes of thiourea crystals for electro-optic modulation”, Cryst. Res. Tech., 41, 897-901 (2006); DOI:10.1002/crat.200510691.
Ruby Nirmala L, and Thomas Joseph Prakash J, “Effect of L-Valine on the growth and characterization of Sodium Acid Phthalate (SAP) single crystals”, Spectrochim. Acta Part A, 110, 425-429 (2013); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.03.070.
P. Geetha, Growth and characterization of semi organic nonlinear optical L-Valine Ferric Chloride single crystal by solution growth technique, Current Applied Physics 15(3), 201-207 (2015); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2014.11.014.
R. Mohankumar, D. Rajan Babu, G. Ravi, and R. Jayavel, “Growth and characterization of 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate (DAST) single crystals”, Jour. Cryst. Growth, 250, 113-117 (2003); https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0248(02)02236-4.
V. Revathi, Growth, spectral, optical, thermal, electrical, mechanical and etching studies of organic single crystal: L-histidinium L-tartrate hemihydrates, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 29, 17323–17332 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-018-9827-0.
J. Ramajothi, S. Dhanuskodi, and K. Nagarajan, “Crystal growth, thermal, optical and microhardness studies of tris (thiourea) zinc sulphate - a semiorganic NLO material”, Cryst. Res. Tech., 39, 414-420 (2004); https://doi.org/10.1002/crat.200310204.
S. Shanmugan, et.al., Investigation on single crystal by tartaric acid–barium chloride: growth and characterization of novel NLO materials, Bulletin of Materials Science 43(1), 1-8 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-020-02176-6.
G. Marudhu, S. Krishnan, and GV. Vijayaragavan, “Optical, theoretical and mechanical studies on sodium acid phthalate crystal” Optik, 125(10), 2417-2421 (2014); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2014.01.008.
S. Krishnan, C. Justin Raj, S. Dinakaran, R. Uthrakumar, R. Robert, and S. Jerome Das, “Optical, thermal, dielectric and ferroelectric behaviour of sodium acid phthalate (SAP) single crystals”, Jour. Phys. Chem. Solids, 69, 2883-2887 (2008); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2008.06.146.
S. Rajeswari, et.al., Growth and investigations of 3rd order NLO properties of novel semi organic tartaric acid lithium sulfate single crystal for photonics application , Optical and Quantum Electronics 52(8), 1-10 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-020-02481-8.
S. Sakthy Priya, Investigation on nonlinear optical and antibacterial properties of organic single crystal: p-Toluidinium L-Tartrate, Chemical Data Collections, 31, 100640 (2021), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cdc.2020.100640.
I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, M. D. Fontana, M. Aillerie, and F Abdi, “Band structure treatment of the influence of nonstoichiometric defects on optical properties in LiNbO3”, Jour. Appl. Phys., 90, 5542-5549 (2001); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1413942.
C. Xu, C. Yang, L. Dai, L. Sun, Y. Xu, and L. Cao, “Influence of Li and Nb on the defect structure and exposure energy in LiNbO3: Fe: Mn: Zr crystals”, Jour. Allo. Com., 509, 4167-4170 (2011); https://doi.org/10.3390/ma5101954.
Castillo-Torres, “Optical absorption edge analysis for zinc-doped lithium niobate”, Opt. Commun., 290, 107-109 (2013); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2012.10.067.
N. Saravanan, et.al., Investigation of third-order nonlinear optical semi organic potassium bromide malate single crystals for optoelectronic applications , Materials Today: Proceedings 30, 115-122 (2020); https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.887.