Development of high-precision hardware and software tools for automated determination of the characteristics of thermoelectric devices


  • B. S. Dzundza Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • O.B. Kostyuk Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • U.M. Pysklynets Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
  • Z.M. Dashevsky Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel



thermoelectricity, thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric efficiency, measurement techniques, high-accuracy automated measurement


In this work, a high-accuracy setup was developed for the characterization of thermoelectric devices in the temperature range of 300-900 K. The output parameters of the thermoelectric devices, including the thermoelectric efficiency Z, Seebeck coefficient S, and internal resistance r, were measured. A technique, block diagram, and computer tools for automated measurement and preliminary processing of experimental data were developed for automated studies of the properties of semiconductor materials and thermoelectric power conversion modules. The developed tools were shown to have high efficiency. The complexity of the process of measuring the main electrical parameters of semiconductor materials was significantly reduced, and the accuracy of the obtained results was increased.


I. Petsagkourakis, K. Tybrandt, X. Crispin, I. Ohkubo, N. Satoh, T. Mori, Thermoelectric materials and applications for energy harvesting power generation, Science and technology of advanced materials, 19(1), 836 (2018);

D.M. Rowe, CRC Thermoelectrics Handbook : Macro to Nano (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2006); ISBN 9781315220390;

J. Chen, K. Li, C. Liu, M. Li, Y. Lv, L. Jia, S. Jiang, Enhanced Efficiency of Thermoelectric Generator by Optimizing Mechanical and Electrical Structures, Energies, 10, 1329 (2017);

Z. Dashevsky, A. Jarashneli, Y. Unigovski, B. Dzundza, Feng Gao, R. Shneck, Development of a high performance gas thermoelectric generator (TEG) with possible use of waste heat. Energies. 15, 3960 (2022);

S. Mamykin, R. Shneck, B. Dzundza, Feng Gao and Z. Dashevsky, A Novel Solar System of Electricity and Heat, Energies. 16, 3036 (2023);

Y.P. Saliy, B.S. Dzundza, I.S. Bylina, O.B. Kostyuk, The influence of the technological factors of obtaining on the surface morphology and electrical properties of the PbTe films doped Bi, Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics, 8(2), 02045 (2016);

M.A. Ruvinskii, O.B. Kostyuk, B.S. Dzundza, The Influence of the Size Effects on the Termoelectric Properties of PbTe Thin Films, Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics, 8(2), 02051 (2016).

A. Druzhinin, I. Ostrovskii, Y. Khoverko, I. Kogut, V. Golota, Nanoscale polysilicon in sensors of physical values at cryogenic temperatures, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 29(10), 8364 (2018);

S. El Oualid, F. Kosior, A. Dauscher, C. Candolfi, G. Span, E. Mehmedovic, J. Paris, B. Lenoir, Innovative design of bismuth-telluride-based thermoelectric micro-generators with high output power, Energy Environ. Sci., 13, 3579 (2020).

M. Maksymuk, B. Dzundza, O. Matkivsky, I. Horichok, R. Shneck, Z. Dashevsky, Development of the high performance thermoelectric unicouple based on Bi2Te3 compounds Journal of Power Sources, 530, 231301 (2022);

M.A. Zoui, S. Bentouba, J.G. Stocholm, M. Bourouis, A Review on Thermoelectric Generators: Progress and Applications, Energies, 13, 3606 (2020);

Y. Pei, X. Shi, A. LaLonde, H. Wang, L. Chen, G.J. Snyder, Convergence of electronic bands for high performance bulk thermoelectrics, Nature, 473, 66 (2011);

A. Elarusi, H. Fagehi, A. Attar, H. Lee, Theoretical Approach to Predict the Performance of Thermoelectric Generator Modules, J. Electron. Mater., 46, 872 (2016);

T.C. Harman, Special Techniques for Measurement of Thermoelectric Properties, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1373 (1958);

B. Kwon, S.-H. Baek, S.K. Kim, and J.-S. Kim, Impact of parasitic thermal effects on thermoelectric property measurements by Harman method, Rev. Sci.Instum. 85, 045108 (2014);

H. Iwasaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Kim, and G. Nakamoto, Development of a Measurement System for the Figure of Merit in the High-Temperature Region, J. Electr. Mater., 42, 1840 (2013);

M.S. Kang, I.J. Roh, Y.G. Lee, S.H. Baek, S.K. Kim, B.K. Ju, D.B. Hyun, J.S. Kim, B. Kwon, Correction of the electrical and thermal extrinsic effects in thermoelectric measurements by the harman method. Sci. Rep. 6, 26507 (2016); 10.1038/srep26507.

J. Martin, T. Tritt, C. Uher, High temperature Seebeck coefficient metrology, Journal of Applied Physics, 108, 14 (2010);

J. De Boor, E. Müller, Data analysis for Seebeck coefficient measurements, Review of scientific instruments, 84, 065102 (2013);

A. Kumar, A. Patel, S. Singh, K. Asokan, D. Kanjilal, Apparatus for Seebeck coefficient measurement of wire, thin film and bulk materials in the wide temperature range (80 – 650 K), The Review of scientific instruments, September (2019)

Y. David. Modeling and Application of a Thermoelectric Generator. A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Masters of Applied Science Graduate Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Toronto, 98 (2011).

M.O. Haluschak , V.G. Ralchenko , A.I. Tkachuk , D.M. Freik, Methods of Measuring the Thermal Conductivity of Bulk Solids and Thin Films (Review), Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 14(2), 317 (2013).




How to Cite

Dzundza, B. S., Kostyuk, O., Pysklynets, U., & Dashevsky, Z. (2023). Development of high-precision hardware and software tools for automated determination of the characteristics of thermoelectric devices. Physics and Chemistry of Solid State, 24(2), 278–283.



Scientific articles (Technology)