The Trickster in Appalachian and Hutsulian Tales


  • Olga Derkachova
  • Solomia Ushnevych



hero-trickster, tales, Hutsul, North American Indian, archetype


The fairytales of Hutsuls and Appalachians are analyzed in the article. Mountainous
dwellers have an indissoluble connection with the nature and metaphysics of mountains that is
why there are so many sacred objects and special places there. Megaliths and sanctuaries, lifegiving places, miraculous springs, natural metaphysics of the mountains and tales which are
grasped like true stories about creation and objective reality of the world, - all these attract not only
tourists but also scientists and researchers to the mountainous region. The tale is one of the
permanent attributes of people`s life. It gives the opportunity to make the process of emotional and
moral development more controlled and determined. The common feature of the tale is identified:
it is the presence of a hero-trickster - Jack (the Appalachians) and Ivan (the Carpathians). In tales,
most of the fictional characters can be described by the term “duality”. It is a certain state of
consciousness when the hero-character reproduces his double that lives an imaginary life and
performs an intended role. It is a hero who is often hidden behind the mask of a jester and a foolish
man. He does not live according to the rules. He breaks both laws and rules, but achieves positive
results. The common and different features of the Trickster in the fairytales of Indians and Hutsuls
are defined.




How to Cite

Derkachova, O. and Ushnevych, S. 2014. The Trickster in Appalachian and Hutsulian Tales. Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University. 1, 2-3 (Dec. 2014), 45–49. DOI: