FORMATION OF THE FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOLTEACHERS’ SCIENCE COMPETENCE UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL PROFESSIONAL COLLEGE
The article reveals the peculiarities of the formation of future primary school teachers’ science competence as a basis for professional training. In the system of future primary school teachers’ professional training, a prominent place is given to natural science education. It is noted that the implementation of the State Standard of Primary General Education in Ukraine, in particular the separation of the educational field "Natural Science", poses new tasks for higher education institutions to improve the quality of future primary school teachers’ professional training. It is novice teachers who lay the foundations of students' natural science competence and ensure the formation of those concepts and ideas, which in the process of further education will serve as a basis for studying the subjects of science training (biology, chemistry, geography, physics, astronomy). The formation of the future teachers’ science competence is carried out in the process of studying natural sciences, in particular "Basics of Natural Science", "Methods of Teaching of Natural Science " and other subjects. It is concluded that among the key tasks of students’ professional training is ensuring the appropriate level of theoretical knowledge in the teaching methodology of "Natural Science"; development of practical and methodical skills; mastering the skills to correctly select methods, techniques and means of learning in the process of developing plans-summaries of natural science lessons; formation of pedagogical skills for organizing and managing the learning process in natural science lessons, etc. During these courses, future primary school teachers’ training is carried out through three stages: theoretical, laboratory-practical, educational-research. Types of practices (educational field, pedagogical) are analyzed. The educational and research work in the system of future primary school teachers’ professional training is characterized. Examples of the formation of future primary school teachers’ natural science competence in the Kolomyia Pedagogical College of the Ivano- Frankivsk Regional Council are given.
Keywords: competence, scientific competence, pedagogical conditions, educational trainings, integrated course "I Explore the World", professional training.