THE IDEA OF THE FEMALE EMANCIPATION IN THE LITERARY AND CRITICAL WORKS BY ELIZA ORZESZKOWA AND NATALIIA KOBRYNSKA
Aim. The article deals with the research of the peculiarities of interpretation of emancipation discourse by E. Orzeszkowa and N. Kobrynska, whose personalities are associated with the formationThe purpose of the article is to investigate typologically similar and the author’s personal postulations of the emancipation ideas in the literary and publicist works by the writers. Methods. The comparative analysis draws a range of basic methods of scientific research, namely historical and literary, typological and biographical approaches. Results. An attempt was made to compare the artistic declaration of the parity of the sexes through the prism of the early works by both writers. The authors' vision of a special function of a woman in social, spiritual and intellectual, national contexts is outlined. Scientific novelty. In the article there has been made the investigation of the typological parallels of the ideas of female emancipation in the works of E. Ozheshko and O. Kobylianska by means comparative analysis, for the first time. Practical meaning. Main results of the research can be used in further study of the Polish an Ukrainian literary process of the second half of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century and of E. Orzeszkowa’s and N. Kobrynska’s works.
Key words: emancipation, publicist and literary discourse, gender parity, women's issue.