Translation problems and language typology in recognition research methodology comparative.
Aim Consider the impossibility of adequate translation of a literary text as controversial as comparative studies on science. Suggest another glance on the translation of a literary text: at the dominant verbal abuse, including neologisms, symbols, allegories and metaphors.
Methods Ideas article based on the writings of translation theory (S. Averincev, M. Lanovik), hermeneutics, myth criticism (E. Curtius, N. Frye, M. Eliade) and analytical psychology (Jung C.-G.) but directed the methodology of comparative research.
Results Comparative each study should be based on universalism figurative speech, which is in the process of individualization amplified literary work. Together with the word (primeval or neologism), symbols, allegories, metaphors are the most powerful discourses in the history of European culture, deeply and comprehensively studied from antiquity to the present. This universal codes, perfect knowledge of the world and the mechanisms of self-bestowed man with the language. The word creative reflects a universal and unique human nature.
Scientific novelty For the first time have the thesis of the special role of four language constructs (figurative words), neologism, symbol, allegory, metaphor. Inverse to the world, these images are myths language, topos, wandering characters or archetypes of culture; facing to the person they are experienced its capacious battery, a reflection of its uniqueness, part of the original author's style. Copyright Typical (creative) word (primitive, archaic) based on universal and therefore translated into any language without loss.
Practical significance It is important to spread understanding of the dual nature of speech recognition (unique and unchanging time) on the practice of translation and comparative study.