Harmonization Of Private Law In The Field Of Consumer Protection Under Remote Contracts
The scientific article is devoted to the study of the state of legal regulation of consumer protection under distance contracts in Ukraine and its compliance with EU law. At the same time, the author analyzes the international legal documents, the current legislation of Ukraine and the views of other researchers of this problem. The author has identified a number of shortcomings in the legal regulation of consumer protection under distance contracts in Ukrainian legislation.
In particular, the Law of Ukraine «On E-commerce» obscures the requirements for an online store, which are actually dealt with by buyers (potential buyers). The main disadvantage is that an online store is recognized as a means of presenting or selling a product, work or service through an electronic transaction and not as a party to an e-commerce relationship with the obligation to provide relevant information. The problems of concluding and executing electronic transactions are also considered. Attention is drawn to the fact that the dispositive wording of the essential terms of electronic transaction in domestic law does not comply with the Directive 2000/31 / EC on e-commerce. This inconsistency can be remedied by imposing a mandatory information requirement to be provided by the service provider to the recipient in accordance with the Directive, rather than a dispositive list of electronic contract requirements.
Progressive and in line with EU law is the provision of the Law on e-Commerce of Ukraine, which prohibits the use and demand of personal data by parties to an electronic transaction for a purpose other than committing the transaction.
It is concluded that the creation and implementation of an effective system of consumer protection in Ukraine based on EU law is possible only through the interaction of all components of the system of consumer protection.