Rights and Obligations of Subjects of Legal Relations of Use of Hunting Natural Resources
Subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources are their participants, who are endowed with subjective rights and legal obligations, are able to exercise these subjective rights and fulfill the corresponding legal obligations, and bear legal responsibility for non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of legal obligations, exceeding the limits of exercising one’s subjective rights.
Subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources can be divided into main and additional according to the degree of participation in these legal relations.
To main subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources belong: 1) users of hunting grounds; 2) owners and/or users of land sections on which hunting grounds are located; 3) state authorities in the field of hunting economy; 4) hunters. And to additional: 1) individuals and legal entities who act as one of the parties to contracts regarding hunting products and hunting trophies; 2) individuals-entrepreneurs and legal entities engaged in hunting dog breeding; 3) individuals who use hunting natural resources in the order of general use and individuals and legal entities who use them in the order of special use in so-called secondary types of use; 4) public organizations of hunters; 5) public environmental protection inspectors and public hunting inspectors.
Rights and obligations of subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources, due to the specificity of the legal relations themselves and a wide range of their potential participants, are characterized by volume and spread both within the framework of the Law of Ukraine “On Hunting Economy and Hunting” and other normative-legal acts.
Therefore, the definition and systematization of rights and obligations fixed by legislation for specific subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources are relevant.
The purpose of this article is to study and organize legally defined rights and obligations of subjects of use of hunting natural resources.
Accordingly, in this article the attempt is made, through the detailed analysis of special legislation, to establish the system of rights and obligations of main and additional subjects of legal relations of use of hunting natural resources.